Bilateral development co-operation
Moldova has been a priority partner country for Estonia’s bilateral development cooperation since 2006 and according to the Strategy for Estonian Development Cooperation and Humanitarian Aid 2021-2024 Moldova will remain the priority country of Estonia’s bilateral aid.
The basis of cooperation in 2021–2024 is the Estonian development cooperation country strategy for Moldova (288.7 KB, PDF), which reflects the needs and development strategies of Moldova and determines the development directions and areas where Estonia can offer value added.
Given the Strategy for Development Cooperation and the needs of Moldova, Estonia focuses on the following key areas when planning and implementing development cooperation in Moldova:
- Development of democracy and strengthening good governance practices
- activities contributing to the implementation of the EU Association Agreement and the implementation of the reform agenda, including strengthening administrative capacity and strengthening state institutions through e-governance, cyber capabilities, and information and communication technologies (ICT); .
- involving civil society in governance and the shaping of reform processes, improving participatory democracy and the capacity to participate in good governance; promoting EU communication;
- combating corruption and promoting the principles of a state governed by the rule of law;
- increasing the capacity of local government;
- media independence and strategic communication;
- Promoting modern education and lifelong learning
- adapting the education system to Moldova’s current needs; adapting existing and new curricula to the needs of the labour market;
- promoting lifelong learning;
- adapting the vocational education system to the needs of the labour market, improving the quality of education, and popularising vocational training;
- promoting cooperation between students, teachers, researchers, and educational institutions;
- improving the quality of teaching in general education schools, introducing modern teaching methods;
- better organisation of digital and distance learning.
- Supporting rural development
- supporting rural development by strengthening the capacity of local governments and promoting community policies;
- supporting small businesses, including the introduction of start-up principles;
- involving women and young people in entrepreneurship;
Human rights, gender equality, environmental sustainability and ICT are the horizontal themes that Estonia promotes in its development cooperation with Moldova. Horizontal themes could be handled as a separate cooperation goal.
Estonia, as an EU member state, favours active commitment of the EU regarding Moldova. Estonia considers it important to be ready to provide assistance for the implementation of the association agreement in Moldova.
Development co-operation projects are not coordinated solely by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Other government structures have also carried out activities qualifying as Official Development Assistance (ODA) in Moldova. The non-governmental sector is also showing increased interest in working in and with Moldova.
Estonia will continue its cooperation with other international agencies and donors.
MFA continues to support Moldovan students studies in Estonian Universities through scholarships programs.
Since the beginning of 2011 Estonian Centre of Eastern Partnership started to operate in Tallinn. ECEP is an essential strategic partner of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in mediating the reform experience. Estonian Center of Eastern Partnership (ECEAP) is a training center for EU’s eastern partner countries and a think tank dedicated to promoting Eastern Partnership issues. Through training courses, seminars, conferences, debates and publications, ECEAP aims to develop relations with the Eastern Partnership countries and contribute towards achieving EU’s Eastern Partnership policy goals. The center’s bilateral cooperation with Eastern partners is underpinned by multilateral activities that are mainly carried out in the field of public administration reform. Centre is funded from the development co-operation budget of Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
List of the projects: Estonian Development Co-operation Database