Bilateral development co-operation
Moldova has been a priority partner country for Estonia’s bilateral development cooperation since 2006 and according to the Strategy for Estonian Development Cooperation and Humanitarian Aid 2016-2020 (PDF) Moldova will remain the priority country of Estonia’s bilateral aid.
The basis of cooperation in 2016–2018 is the Estonian development cooperation country strategy for Moldova (PDF), which reflects the needs and development strategies of Moldova and determines the development directions and areas where Estonia can offer value added.
Given the Strategy for Development Cooperation and the needs of Moldova, Estonia focuses on the following key areas when planning and implementing development cooperation in Moldova:
- Development of democracy and strengthening good governance practices
o Activities that promote the implementation of the European Union (EU) Association Agreement, including administrative capacity building and strengthening state institutions through e-government and the introduction of information and communication technology (ICT) in public administration.
o Involving civil society in governance and shaping reforms, improving participatory democracy and the capability of being part of good governance, promoting EU related outreach.
o Fighting corruption.
- Supporting healthcare sector
o Supporting healthcare system reforms, including improving the availability of healthcare service.
o Introducing e-solutions and ICT to improve the quality of healthcare.
o Supporting educational cooperation in healthcare
- Supporting the development of rural areas.
o Supporting the development of rural areas by increasing the capability of local governments and promoting community politics.
o Supporting small businesses, including start-ups.
Human rights, gender equality, environmental sustainability and ICT are the horizontal themes that Estonia promotes in its development cooperation with Moldova. A common goal is the educational cooperation that supports the three priority areas. Horizontal themes could be handled as a separate cooperation goal.
Estonia, as an EU member state, favours active commitment of the EU regarding Moldova. Estonia considers it important to be ready to provide assistance for the implementation of the association agreement in Moldova.
Development co-operation projects are not coordinated solely by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Other government structures have also carried out activities qualifying as Official Development Assistance (ODA) in Moldova. The non-governmental sector is also showing increased interest in working in and with Moldova.
Estonia will continue its cooperation with other international agencies and donors.
MFA continues to support Moldovan students studies in Estonian Universities through scholarships programs.
Since the beginning of 2011 Estonian Centre of Eastern Partnership started to operate in Tallinn. ECEP is an essential strategic partner of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in mediating the reform experience. Estonian Center of Eastern Partnership (ECEAP) is a training center for EU’s eastern partner countries and a think tank dedicated to promoting Eastern Partnership issues. Through training courses, seminars, conferences, debates and publications, ECEAP aims to develop relations with the Eastern Partnership countries and contribute towards achieving EU’s Eastern Partnership policy goals. The center’s bilateral cooperation with Eastern partners is underpinned by multilateral activities that are mainly carried out in the field of public administration reform. Centre is funded from the development co-operation budget of Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
List of the projects: Estonian Development Co-operation Database