OCHA is the UN focal point on major disasters with its establishment dating back twenty years. It links together international and state-level humanitarian actors to provide a coherent response to emergencies. Additionally, it manages policy development and humanitarian advocacy. Estonia has supported OCHA since 2001. Since 2014, Estonia belongs to the Donor Support Group ODSG.
CERF was established in 2006. It aims to allocate the necessary provisions for a quick and apt response in the occurrence of conflicts and/or nature disasters to aid victims of such calamities. The fund’s highest priorities are countries that have been dealing with humanitarian crisis for a longer period. Estonia has supported CERF with annual unearmarked contributions since its launch.
UNDAC is part of the international emergency response system for sudden-onset emergencies. It was created in 1993. It is designed to help the United Nations and governments of disaster-affected countries during the first phase of an emergency. UNDAC also assists in the coordination of incoming international relief at national level and/or at the site of the emergency. Estonia is member of UNDAC since 2001. Estonia’s supports UNDAC missions with annual contributions.
UNICEF is an international organisation providing humanitarian and developmental assistance to children. The initiative was launched in the aftermath of the World War II and currently has staff in over 190 countries and territories. Children are the most vulnerable part of the society in developing countries, therefore improving their situation is a priority for Estonian foreign policy. Estonia has supported UNICEF since 1999.
The UN refugee agency established after World War II, in 1950 . It seeks permanent solutions for refugees, offers international protection, coordinates the activities of voluntary agencies, and assists the most vulnerable refugee groups (women, children, adolescents, the elderly, and those who are suffering from trauma). Estonia has supported UNHCR activities since 2001.
The ICRC, established in 1863, is an independent, impartial organization ensuring humanitarian protection and respect for human life and health in conflict and crisis situations. Since its foundation, the ICRC has provided humanitarian assistance in most of the conflicts that have taken place around the world. It takes action in response to emergencies and at the same time promotes respect for international humanitarian law and its implementation on the national level. Estonia has supported ICRC activities since 1998.
UNDP was established in 1965. UNDP’s main priorities are the eradication of poverty in all forms and dimensions, acceleration of structural transformations and to building resilience in crisis situations. UNDP links and coordinates global and national efforts to achieve sustainable development goals (SDGs) and works together with respective countries to draft solutions that correspond the needs of those countries.
Updated data on Estonian funding to the UNDP can be found on the official development cooperation and humanitarian aid database AKTA.
The UNFPA was established in 1969, first as the United Nations Fund for Population Activities. From 1987 it is known under its current name. Their main areas of work include reproductive health, gender equality, population and development strategies and health care. Estonia has supported UNFPA since 2002.
The UN General Assembly established UN Women (UN Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women) in 2010. It came about as a part of the UN reform agenda (system wide coherence) linking together resources and mandates for greater impact. Negotiations over the reform had been mediated by Estonian and Tunisian ambassadors since autumn of 2009. UNWOMEN brought together four separate bodies: the UN Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM), the Division for the Advancement of Women (DAW), the International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women (INSTRAW), and the Office of the Special Adviser to the UN Secretary-General on Gender Issues and Advancement of Women (OSAGI). Estonia made first contribution to UN Women in 2010.
UNGEI’s principle objective is to reduce the current gender inequalities on all levels of education. The initiative was established in 2000, it links together the donor community, non-governmental organizations and UN agencies. Estonia has supported UNGEI since 2006.
The UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues is an advisory body to the United Nations Economic and Social Council, with a mandate to discuss indigenous issues related to social and economic development, culture, the environment, education and health. Estonia has supported the Forum since 2006.
The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) is the principal UN body working to enforce and promote universally recognized human rights norms identified in The Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The office was established by the UN General Assembly in 1993. Among other activities, the Office ensures the implementation of international human rights treaties and acts as the principal focal point of human rights research, education, public information, and advocacy activities. The Office administers the work of many UN human rights mechanisms such as The United Nations Voluntary Fund for Indigenous Populations. Estonia has supported the UN Voluntary Fund for Indigenous Populations since 1999.
The Enhanced Integrated Framework for Trade-Related Assistance for the Least Developed Countries (EIF) was established in 1997 at the WTO. The EIF is a multi-donor programme that supports least developed countries to be more active players in the global trading system by helping them tackle supply-side constraints to trade. There is a focus on country ownership, greater coordination and commitments from all EIF partners, stronger national and global governance structures and additional financial resources to match least developed countries’ needs countries Estonia has supported EIF since 2008.
In 2001, 142 Trade Ministers from around the world met at the 4th WTO Ministerial Conference in Doha, Qatar, and launched a Round of multilateral trade negotiations. One of the outcomes of the conference was the establishment of the Doha Development Agenda Global Trust Fund (DDAGTF) that aims to provide technical assistance and help developing countries in capacity-building to enhance their role in global economy to participate fully in the Doha Development Agenda. Estonia has supported DDAGTF since 2002.