A hundred years ago today, the most important international negotiations for Estonia began. Two months later, thanks to the efforts of our peace delegation, Estonia and Soviet Russia signed the Tartu Peace Treaty and the Republic of Estonia was born de jure.
Whereas the Manifesto to the Peoples of Estonia (Estonian Declaration of Independence) was the start of a hopeful future for the Estonian state, the Tartu Peace Treaty is proof of our maturity as a state and it is the first great achievement of the young Republic of Estonia in international communication.
Even though we had de facto diplomatic relations with several states before the Tartu Peace Treaty, it was only after it was signed that Estonia was able to assume its place in the international community. This is why, in addition to the Tartu Peace Treaty, the coming months and years will see us celebrate anniversaries of establishing diplomatic relations with many countries.
As with every important treaty, we must remember the diplomatic skills and hard work that preceded the signing. Today, candles will be lit to commemorate the members of our peace delegation: Jaan Poska, Mait Püümann/Püümets, Ants Piip, Julius Seljamaa and Jaan Soots. In Tartu and across Estonia, celebrations will be held between 27 January and 3 February 2020 to remember, evaluate and recognise one of the founding documents of our state in a fitting way.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Estonia
+372 637 7627 / +372 5194 7045