Migration is a global challenge and requires that countries respond and propose solutions jointly. The UN Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration is a concerted effort by the international community in this direction. Estonia supports the purpose and guiding principles of Global Compact and would like to take part in it. The framework brings together countries of origin, transit and destination at the global level for the first time and provides a platform for dialogue between them.
The Global Compact for Migration covers all dimensions of international migration: the root causes of migration, prevention of and fight against irregular migration, enhanced cooperation regarding, as well as opportunities for regular migration reflecting demographic and labour market realities. The countries of origin and transit will take more responsibility in addressing the challenges of migration. This is in the interests of all of us. The global compact will also help us motivate other countries to cooperate with us on the issue of readmission and returns.
It is important for Estonia that countries maintain their sovereignty over drawing up and implementing national migration policy and border control after adopting the global compact for migration. It stands to note that the Compact builds upon the willingness of nations to cooperate internationally and is not legally binding. For Estonia, implementation phase of the Global Compact for Migration would allow us to continue the policy pursued thus far and will not entail new legal responsibilities.
The final document of the Global Compact for Migration is in line with the positions adopted by the Estonian Government on 22 March 2018, and Estonia’s position during the intergovernmental negotiations was based on the Government’s position as well. These positions were introduced to the Foreign Affairs Committee of the Riigikogu on 13 March this year.
UN Member States will give their political support for the Global Compact for Migration during a conference in Marrakech in December. The UN General Assembly will adopt it in January. Estonia continues to support the adoption of the Global Compact on migration.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs