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Tajikistan

(last updated: 02.08.2019)
 

Diplomatic relations between Tajikistan and Estonia were established in 2006. The first Estonian Ambassador to Tajikistan was Jaan Hein, who represented Estonia from 2012-2014. The current Ambassador Heiti Mäemees presented his credentials to the President of Tajikistan, Emomali Rahmon, on 20 November 2017. The Ambassador resides in Nur-Sultan (former Astana). The Tajikistani Ambassador to Estonia, Mahmadsharif Haqdod, resides in Minsk and presented his credentials to President Kersti Kaljulaid on 14 December 2018.

Visits


- 13 February 2009 – the visit of the Tajikistani President Emomali Rahmon to Estonia;
- 11 to 13 January 2012 – the official visit of the Minister of Foreign Affairs Urmas Paet to Tajikistan;
- 6 to 8 May 2013 – the official visit of Prime Minister Andrus Ansip to Tajikistan. The programme included meetings with the Tajikistani President Rahmon, Prime Minister Akilov and the Parliament Speaker Zuhurov. The Prime Minister was accompanied by a business delegation and the business forum held in Dushanbe was opened by the Estonian and Tajikistani prime ministers.

Bilateral meetings have also taken place in the framework of various international forums.

In May 2019, the first political consultations between the Ministries of Foreign Affairs of Estonia and Tajikistan took place in Dushanbe. The Estonian delegation was led by Lembit Uibo, Director General of the Political Department.

Bilateral agreements

 

There are no valid bilateral agreements.

Economic relations

 

Estonia-Tajikistan trade 2014-2018 (thousand EUR): 

Year Export Import
2014 749 0
2015 1 215 0
2016 60 520
2017 123 0
2018 91 0

 

Source: Statistics Estonia

The total trade turnover between Estonia and Tajikistan was the highest in 2015, when goods, mainly machinery and transport equipment, worth 1.2 mln EUR were exported to Tajikistan. During the next years, the trade turnover decreased significantly. In 2018 it amount to 91 000 EUR, placing Tajikistan as Estonia's 148th trade partner. 

Main export articles in 2018:

  • Transport equipment – 53%
  • Machinery and mechanical appliances - 30%.

Import in 2016 consisted of machinery and appliances (100%).

Investments

 

According to the Bank of Estonia, Tajikistan's direct investments in Estonia amounted to 575 000 EUR as of 30 June 2018. Investments had been made into wholesale and retail trade, transport and storage, and financial and insurance activities. 

According to the Bank of Estonia, there were less than three Estonian direct investments in Tajikistan as of 30 June 2018, therefore more specific information is not being disclosed due to data protection regulations.

According to the Estonian Business Register, there were 4 companies with Tajik shareholders registered in Estonia as of May 2018.

As of 19.02.2019 there were 9 e-residents of Tajik citizenship.

Development cooperation

Estonia has supported the water management projects of non-profit associations (most recently in 2005) and the OSCE election observation mission in 2010. In 2008, Estonia gave Tajikistan EUR 31,955 in humanitarian aid through UNICEF for the purpose of coping with a cold wave.

As of 2013, projects have been supported by development cooperation funds in which the priority countries are Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan in Central Asia, since Estonia's experiences and reforms which have been carried could be of interest. Of the open application rounds which have taken place since 2013, a number of requests for funding by Estonian non-profit organizations have been for development projects in Tajikistan. Examples include the Peipsi Center for Transboundary Cooperation's projects to develop natural products and eco-tourism in Western Pamir, and to develop the same region's folklore handicraft products, thereby supporting community-based women's entrepreneurship in Tajikistan. The Estonian School of Diplomacy’s project for training diplomats and officials from Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan in international relations and co-operation has in recent years brought Tajik diplomats to Tallinn to study at the Tallinn Estonian School of Diplomacy. Scholarships have been allocated by the Estonian Foreign Ministry. In addition, the School of Diplomacy organised one-week study trips for young diplomats from Tajikistan in 2014 and 2015, who visited Estonia and received further training in the field of international relations and co-operation. In 2014-2015, the Estonian Human Rights Centre project “The empowerment of Tajikistan’s free society through the promotion of equal treatment” with the overall objective of contributing to the promotion of democratic values and the principle of equal treatment in Tajikistan. The direct aim was to increase cooperation among the Tajik free society and increase cooperation between Tajik and Estonian free societies. In 2015, the Institute for Human Rights launched a project which aims to raise awareness of and promote human rights in Tajikistan. The Harju Economic Development Centre carried out a project of sustainable rural tourism development in Tajikistan.

Tajiks living in Estonia and Estonian's relations with Tajiks

According to the 2011 census, there were 33 Tajiks living in Estonia.

There are three peaks in the Pamir Mountains in Tajikistan, which were first conquered by Estonians:  Estonia, Tartu University 350, and J.F. Parrot.

 

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