Slovakia (then Czechoslovakia) recognised the Republic of Estonia on 29 December 1921 and re-recognised Estonia on 29 August 1991.
The sovereign, democratic Republic of Slovakia was established on 1 January 1993 after the dissolution of the federal state of Czechoslovakia. Estonia recognised the Republic of Slovakia on 15 January 1993 and diplomatic relations were established on 30 March 1993.
The first ambassador of the restored Republic of Estonia to Slovakia was Toivo Tasa, who presented his credentials in Bratislava in June 1995. Mart Laanemäe was the ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary of the Republic of Estonia to the Slovak Republic from 1999 to 2003, residing in Vienna. From 2003-2009, the Estonian ambassador to Slovakia was Katrin Saarsalu-Layachi, followed by Eve-Külli Kala 2010–2014 and 2015–2018 Rein Oidekivi, residing in Vienna. On 5 December 2018, Ambassador Toomas Kukk presented his credentials to President Andrej Kiska.
The first Slovakian ambassador to Estonia Emil Kuchar, who resided in Helsinki, presented his credentials in October 1999. Beginning from 2000, Jozef Dravecký was accredited as the ambassador, from 2005 to 2009 Ivan Špilda held the position. 2009-2013, Dušan Krištofik was the ambassador, followed by Jurai Podhorský (2013–2014) and Tibor Králik (2014–2018), who resided in Helsinki. Ambassador Slavomíra Mašurová presented her credentials to President Kersti Kaljulaid on 3 April 2019.
In 2006, Slovakia opened an honorary consulate in Tallinn. Even Tudeberg has been the honorary consul since December 2006. Estonia’s first honorary consulate in Slovakia, located in Bratislava, was opened by Minister Urmas Paet together with Slovakian Foreign Minister Mikulas Dzurinda in November 2011. The Estonian honorary consul in Slovakia is entrepreneur Peter Pochaba.
In the current Riigikogu there is an Estonia-Slovakia parliamentary group led by Kalle Palling. It has 7 members.
|February 2019||President Kersti Kaljulaid at the meeting of Heads of State of B9 in Košice|
|November 2018||Prime Minister Jüri Ratas at the Friends of Cohesion Summit in Bratislava|
|May 2017||Prime Minister Jüri Ratas|
|March 2015||Minister of Foreign Affairs Keit Pentus-Rosimannus|
|June 2013||President Toomas Hendrik Ilves at the meeting of the Central European heads of state in Bratislava|
|April 2013||President Toomas Hendrik Ilves on an official visit; attended Globsec Security Forum|
|April 2012||Minister of Foreign Affairs Urmas Paet|
|November 2011||Minister of Foreign Affairs Urmas Paet|
|April 2011||Minister of Finance Jürgen Ligi|
|February 2010||Prime Minister Andrus Ansip|
|May 2007||President of the Riigikogu Ene Ergma|
|April 2006||Minister of Foreign Affairs Urmas Paet|
|September 2004||Minister of Defence Margus Hanson|
|March 2004||Prime Minister Juhan Parts in Bratislava at the meeting of V10 Prime Ministers|
|October 2003||Minister of Foreign Affairs Kristiina Ojuland|
|May 2001||Prime Minister Mart Laar in Bratislava at the meeting of V10 Prime Ministers|
|April 2000||Prime Minister Mart Laar|
|May 2019||Minister of Foreign and European Affairs Miroslav Lajčák at Lennart Meri Conference in Tallinn and on a bilateral meeting with Minister of Foreign Affairs Urmas Reinsalu|
|May 2017||Deputy Prime Minister Peter Pellegrini|
|October 2015||President Andrej Kiska|
|March 2014||Minister of Foreign and European Affairs Miroslav Lajčák at the NB8+V4 foreign ministers meeting in Narva|
|April 2010||Minister of Foreign and European Affairs Miroslav Lajčák at the informal NATO foreign ministers’ meeting in Tallinn|
|August 2009||Minister of Foreign and European Affairs Miroslav Lajčák|
|October 2005||President Ivan Gasparovic|
|January 2005||Minister of Foreign Affairs Eduard Kukan|
|May 2004||Deputy Prime Minister (EU, minority) Pál Csáky|
|November 2003||Speaker of the Parliament Pavol Hrušovský|
|March 2003||Minister of Labour, Social Affairs and Family Ludovit Kanik|
|September 2001||Minister of Defence Josef Stank|
|February 2001||Minister of Privatisation Maria Machova|
Towards the end of the 1990s, Estonia and Slovakia’s common foreign policy goals — to join the EU and NATO — provided a solid base for them to build up their relations. Co-operation between the nations at that time primarily dealt with the specific goal of joining those two international organisations. After the accession to the EU and NATO, the central point of their relations has shifted to co-operation done in those organisations, as well as in other international organisations.
Consultations between the foreign ministries are held regularly.
- Agreement on the Abolishment of Visa Requirements (came into force 01.12.1994);
- Agreement on Co-operation and Mutual Assistance in Customs Issues (came into force 22.09.2000);
- Agreement on International Road Transport of Passengers and Goods (came into force 18.07.2001);
- Framework Agreement for Defence Co-operation (between the Ministries for Defence), 2001;
- Agreement on the Avoidance of Double Taxation (came into force 29.03.2006);
- Agreement on Mutual Protection of Classified Information (came into force 01.01.2005).
In 2018, Slovakia was the 28th trade partner to Estonia, with the turnover of 139 million euros. Estonia exports to Slovakia totalled 50 million euros and imports from Slovakia were 89 million euros.
Estonia-Slovakia trade 2012-2018 (million euros)
Primary articles of export in 2018:
- Machinery and mechanical appliances – 43%
- Wood and articles of wood – 24%
- Textiles and textile articles – 16%
Primary articles of import in 2018:
- Vehicles, transport equipment – 46%
- Machinery and mechanical appliances – 26%
- Textiles and textile articles – 8%
All economic figures originate from the Statistical Office of Estonia
According to Bank of Estonia data as of 31 December 2018, Slovakia's direct investment position in Estonia was 25.3 million euros. Estonia's direct investments in Slovakia as of 31 December 2018 totalled 21.4 million euros.
During the last four years, the number of Slovakian tourists accommodated in Estonia has grown steadily. In 2014, 2178 Slovakian tourists were accommodated in Estonia, in 2018 the number was already around 3000. In addition to Tallinn, the other popular travel destinations are Tartumaa and Pärnumaa.
Visits to Slovakia by Estonian residents have also grown, to close to 19 000 in 2018.
Slovakian literature has been introduced to the Estonian public by the translations of Leo Metsar and Aleksander Raid published in the 1970s. Leo Metsar has translated the works of the famous Slovakian writer Vojtech Zamarovský.
In September 2014, Estonian Embassy attended to the Spectacular Slovakia Travel Guide opening event, where ambassador delivered a presentation "Estonia - the land of sea and sky, new travel destination for Slovaks".
In March 2015, Slovakian chldren's drawing exhibition entitled "Human Rights through Children's Eyes" was held in the Central Library of Tallinn. In March 2015 also a contest was announced for two months stay in Košice (Slovakia), which is aimed at artists by creative educational program of Tallinn's Kultuurikatel and K.A.I.R. - Koiše's Artist in Residence.
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