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Slovakia

(last updated: 13.06.2018)

Slovakia (then Czechoslovakia) recognised the Republic of Estonia on 29 December 1921 and re-recognised Estonia on 29 August 1991.

The sovereign, democratic Republic of Slovakia was established on 1 January 1993 after the dissolution of the federal state of Czechoslovakia. Estonia recognised the Republic of Slovakia on 15 January 1993 and diplomatic relations were established on 30 March 1993.

The first ambassador of the restored Republic of Estonia to Slovakia was Toivo Tasa, who presented his credentials in Bratislava in June 1995. Mart Laanemäe was the ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary of the Republic of Estonia to the Slovak Republic beginning in 1999, residing in Vienna. As of 2003, the Estonian ambassador to Slovakia was Katrin Saarsalu-Layachi. Eve-Külli Kala was the ambassador to Slovakia from 2010 to 2014. The current Estonian ambassador to Slovakia is Rein Oidekivi, who resides in Vienna. 

The first Slovakian ambassador to Estonia Emil Kuchar, who resided in Helsinki, presented his credentials in October 1999. Beginning from 2000, Jozef Dravecký was accredited as the ambassador, from 2005 to 2009 Ivan Špilda held the position. Until 2013, Dušan Krištofik was the ambassador, followed by Jurai Podhorský from 2013 until 2014. From December 2014, the Slovakian ambassador to Estonia is Tibor Králik, who resides in Helsinki.

In 2006, Slovakia opened an honorary consulate in Tallinn. Even Tudeberg has been the honorary consul since December 2006. Estonia’s first honorary consulate in Slovakia, located in Bratislava, was opened by Minister Urmas Paet together with Slovakian Foreign Minister Mikulas Dzurinda in November 2011. The Estonian honorary consul in Slovakia is entrepreneur Peter Pochaba.

In the current Riigikogu there is an Estonia-Slovakia parliamentary group led by Kalle Palling. It has 7 members.

 

Visits

To Slovakia
May 2017 Prime Minister Jüri Ratas
March 2015 Minister of Foreign Affairs Keit Pentus-Rosimannus
June 2013 President Toomas Hendrik Ilves at the meeting of the Central European heads of state in Bratislava
April 2013 President Toomas Hendrik Ilves on an official visit; attended Globsec Security Forum
April 2012 Minister of Foreign Affairs Urmas Paet
November 2011 Minister of Foreign Affairs Urmas Paet
April 2011 Minister of Finance Jürgen Ligi
February 2010 Prime Minister Andrus Ansip
May 2007 President of the Riigikogu Ene Ergma
April 2006 Minister of Foreign Affairs Urmas Paet
September 2004 Minister of Defence Margus Hanson
March 2004 Prime Minister Juhan Parts in Bratislava at the meeting of V10 Prime Ministers
October 2003 Minister of Foreign Affairs Kristiina Ojuland
May 2001 Prime Minister Mart Laar in Bratislava at the meeting of V10 Prime Ministers
April 2000 Prime Minister Mart Laar
To Estonia
May 2017 Deputy Prime Minister Peter Pellegrini
October 2015 President Andrej Kiska
March 2014 Minister of Foreign Affairs Miroslav Lajcak at the NB8+V4 foreign ministers meeting in Narva
April 2010 Minister of Foreign Affairs Miroslav Lajcak at the informal NATO foreign ministers’ meeting in Tallinn
August 2009 Minister of Foreign Affairs Miroslav Lajčák
October 2005 President Ivan Gasparovic
January 2005 Minister of Foreign Affairs Eduard Kukan
May 2004 Deputy Prime Minister (EU, minority) Pál Csáky
November 2003 Speaker of the Parliament Pavol Hrušovský
March 2003 Minister of Labour, Social Affairs and Family Ludovit Kanik
September 2001 Minister of Defence Josef Stank
February 2001 Minister of Privatisation Maria Machova

 

Bilateral relations

Towards the end of the 1990s, Estonia and Slovakia’s common foreign policy goals — to join the EU and NATO — provided a solid base for them to build up their relations. Co-operation between the nations at that time primarily dealt with the specific goal of joining those two international organisations. After the accession to the EU and NATO, the central point of their relations has shifted to co-operation done in those organisations, as well as in other international organisations.

Consultations between the foreign ministries are held regularly.

 

Agreements

  • Agreement on the Abolishment of Visa Requirements (came into force 01.12.1994);
  • Agreement on Co-operation and Mutual Assistance in Customs Issues (came into force 22.09.2000);
  • Agreement on International Road Transport of Passengers and Goods (came into force 18.07.2001);
  • Framework Agreement for Defence Co-operation (between the Ministries for Defence), 2001;
  • Agreement on the Avoidance of Double Taxation (came into force 29.03.2006);
  • Agreement on Mutual Protection of Classified Information (came into force 01.01.2005).

 

Economic relations

TRADE

In 2017, Slovakia was the 28th trade partner to Estonia, with the turnover of 131.5 million euros. Estonia exports to Slovakia totalled 43.7 million euros and imports from Slovakia were 87.8 million euros.

Estonia-Slovakia trade 2012-2017 (million euros)

Year Export Import Turnover Balance
2012 57.0 62.4 119.4 -5.3
2013 51.3 62.0 113.3 -10.8
2014 33.3 79.6 112.9 -46.3
2015  17.7 77.7 95.4 -60.0
2016 25.3 85.6 110.9 -60,3
2017 43.7 87.8 131.5 -44.1

Primary articles of export in 2017:

  • Machinery and mechanical appliances – 46%
  • Wood and articles of wood – 20%
  • Textiles and textile articles – 13%


Primary articles of import in 2017:

  • Vehicles, transport equipment – 49%
  • Machinery and mechanical appliances – 25%
  • Base metals and articles of base metal – 6%

All economic figures originate from the Statistical Office of Estonia

INVESTMENTS

According to Bank of Estonia data as of 31 December 2017, Slovakia's direct investment position in Estonia was 20.1 million euros. The primary sectors for investments were professional, research and technical activity and wholesale and retail trade.

Estonia's direct investments in Slovakia as of 31 December 2017 totalled 21 million euros.

TOURISM

During the last four years, the number of Slovakian tourists accommodated in Estonia has grown steadily. In 2014, 2178 Slovakian tourists were accommodated in Estonia, in 2017 the number was already 3062. In addition to Tallinn, the other popular travel destinations are Tartumaa, Saaremaa and Pärnumaa.

Visits to Slovakia by Estonian residents have also grown, from 6513 in 2014 to 13 880 in 2017.

 

Cultural relations

Slovakian literature has been introduced to the Estonian public by the translations of Leo Metsar and Aleksander Raid published in the 1970s. Leo Metsar has translated the works of the famous Slovakian writer Vojtech Zamarovský.

In September 2014, Estonian Embassy attended to the Spectacular Slovakia Travel Guide opening event, where ambassador delivered a presentation "Estonia - the land of sea and sky, new travel destination for Slovaks".

In March 2015, Slovakian chldren's drawing exhibition entitled "Human Rights through Children's Eyes" was held in the Central Library of Tallinn. In March 2015 also a contest was announced for two months stay in Košice (Slovakia), which is aimed at artists by creative educational program of Tallinn's Kultuurikatel and K.A.I.R. - Koiše's Artist in Residence.

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