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(last updated: September 2019)

Diplomatic relations between Estonia and Serbia [1] were concluded on 9 February 2001 in Helsinki by way of an exchange of notes [2].

On 21 March 2002, the first ambassador of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Radoje Zečević, presented his credentials.

Estonia’s ambassador to Serbia is Mrs. Kristi Karelsohn. The Ambassador resides in Budapest.
Serbia’s Ambassador to Estonia Mr. Saša Obradović presented his credentials on 8 June 2017. The Ambassador resides in Helsinki.
In 2014, Petar Rakočević became the Estonian honorary consul in Belgrade.


to Serbia  
April 2017 Foreign Minister Sven Mikser
September 2014 Prime Minister Taavi Rõivas
December 2012 Foreign Minister Urmas Paet
October 2012 Minister of Economic Affairs and Communications Juhan Parts
August 2011  Foreign Minister Urmas Paet 
October 2009 President Toomas Hendrik Ilves
October 2008 Foreign Minister Urmas Paet
to Estonia
April 2018 Speaker of the Parliament Maja Gojković
November 2011 Minister of Environment, Mining and Spatial Planning Oliver Dulić
November 2011 Deputy Prime Minister and Interior Minister Ivica Dačić
September 2010 Serbian President Boris Tadić on an official visit to Estonia
April 2010 Serbian Minister of Informationtechnology Jasna Matić 
March 2010 Serbian Foreign Minister Vuk Jeremić

There was an Estonia-Serbia parliamentary group in the XI Riigikogu. In the spring of 2009, members of Serbia’s parliament came to Estonia as guests of the Estonia-Serbia parliamentary group. In the current Riigikogu, an Estonia-Serbia parliamentary group has not yet been formed. An Estonia friendship group was formed in the Serbian parliament in 2013. In May of 2013 a delegation of the Riigkogu European Union affairs committee visited Serbia.


  • On 15 March 2002, the Agreement on culture, education and sports was signed. The agreement entered into force on 7 March 2003.
  • On 25 September 2009, an agreement on the avoidance of double taxation between the nations was signed. The agreement came into force on 14 June 2010.
  • On 7 April 2010, the Estonian minister of economic affairs and communications and the Serbian minister of information technology signed an agreement by which Estonia will give Serbia the software for X-Road.
  • In October of 2010, a Memorandum of Understanding regarding cooperation between the Estonian Ministry of Agriculture and the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Water Management of Serbia was signed.
  • On 9 November 2011, the implementation protocol on the agreement for the return of illegally residing persons was signed.

Economic Relations

In March 2018, an Estonian business delegation visit to Serbia took place. The Estonian delegation was led by H.E. Ambassador Väino Reinart, Undersecretary for Economic and Development Affairs of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Estonia.

In 2017, Serbia ranked 63rd among Estonia’s trade partners, with the trade turnover of 11.2 million euros.

Estonia-Serbia Trade 2012-2018 (millions of EUR):

  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Export 6.8 5.0 4.5 6 6.0 8.8 7.3
Import 2.8 2.1 2.8 2.7 4.2 4 3.9
Turnover 9.6 7.1 7.3 8.7 10.2 12.8 11.2

All economic figures are from the Statistical Office of Estonia.

In 2018, the main export articles from Estonia to Serbia were: prepared food products, machinery and equipment, and chemical products.

The main products imported from Serbia to Estonia in 2018 were machinery, products made from plastic, textile products. 


According to Bank of Estonia data, as of 31.12.2018 Estonian direct investments in Serbia amounted to 3.95 million euros. Investments have mainly been made in the information and communication sector.

At the same time, Serbia’s direct investments in Estonia totalled 5.1 million euros. The majority of investments have been in processing industry, information and communication sector, professional, scientific and technical activities and wholesale and retail trade.

Development co-operation and humanitarian aid

  • In June 2019 Ministry of Foreign Affairs organised study trip for journalists from Western Balkan countries to Estonia. One journalist from Serbia also participated in this study trip. Main focus was on media freedom and disinformation.
  • From 28 August to 3 September 2006, a seminar took place in Tallinn, arranged by the Estonian Board of Border Guard and the Geneva Centre for Democratic Control of Armed Forces for the regional heads of the border guard organisations of the Western Balkan countries, including for the representatives from Albania. At the seminar, the Estonian border guard’s experiences in the fields connected with the guarding the sea and land borders, risk analysis as well as with investigation into cross-border crime were introduced.
  • From 2006-2007 the Ministry of Finance helped Serbia develop its statistics sector. 
  • In 2010 officials working in the environmental sector in Serbia visited the Estonian Ministry of the Environment on a study trip and became acquainted with Estonia’s environmental protection measures. 
  • In the second half of 2010 the e-Governance Academy carried out a project to establish an X-Road system in Serbia, within the framework of which training sessions took place for Serbian officials and an IT-themed conference was organised in October in co-operation with the Serbian Ministry of Telecommunications and Information Society.
  • In 2010-2011 a project was carried out with the support of European Union IPA funds in co-operation with many local Serbian governments and the city governments of Tallinn, Tartu and Viljandi to more broadly implement e-services in Serbia.

Cultural Relations

Among the events of the last couple of years, the following deserve mention:

  • For many years, the curriculum of Tartu University's Slavic Philology Department has included the subject of Western and Southern Slavic culture. It has also been possible to study the Serbian language.
  • Serbian films have frequently been featured in the programme of the Black Nights Film Festival.During the international children’s and youth theatre festival that took place in Subotica, Serbia from 21-27 May 2006, the Estonian Puppet Theatre won the festival Grand Prix for its production of “The Troll-Boy”.
  • During the international children’s and youth theatre festival that took place in Subotica, Serbia from 21-27 May 2006, the Estonian Puppet Theatre won the festival Grand Prix for its production of “The Troll-Boy”.
  • On 19 April 2008, Vojvodina Day took place at Tartu University European College through the co-operation of TU European College and the Serbian Centre for Politics and Euro-Atlantic Partnership. The event was a part of the project Vojvodina-Estonia: Advancing youth dialogue between cultures. Vojvodina youths introduced their activities and visions for a united Europe to students there. Other activities included a debate, film screenings, and meetings with representatives from Estonian youth organisations and ministries.
  • From 13-19 April 2009, the Open Estonia Foundation organised the project Sharing Experiences, Good Practices and Know-How: Media and Information in Estonia and Serbia within the framework of the East-East Cross-Border Co-operation Programme. Vojvodina journalists from Serbia got acquainted with Estonia’s European Union integration experience, the development of Estonian media, and the realm of digitalisation. They also visited East Virumaa and met with representatives of ethnic minority groups.
  • Emir Kusturica and the No Smoking Orchestra have performed in Estonia twice (in 2008 and 2010).
  • In August of 2011 the exhibit of Estonian nature photos “Seasons” was on display at the Museum of Yugoslav History in Belgrade.
  • On 19 May 2014, director Kersti Uibo's full-length documentary films "Narrow is the gate" and "This is the day" about Serb nuns and monks living in Kosovo, screened at the annual European Film Festival in Belgrade.
  • In October of 2014, a series of exhibitions by Tartu Art teacher and artist Eve Eesmaa took place in Serbia, curated by the art association Palanski Art.
  • On 7-8 May 2015, the laureate of several international competitions Nemanja Radulovic, performed a Barberi violin concert at the Pärnu Concert Hall and the Estonia Concert Hall.
  • On 12.05-07.07 2016, Estonian movie "Moest väljas" was shown in Niš during European Movie Festival.
  • In 2017, Jaanus Plaat’s exhibition "Orthodox churches in Estonia" was shown in Belgrade and in Valjevo.

[1] The constitutional charter of 4 February 2003 between the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro entitled Montenegro to organize a referendum on independence in 2006. In the independence referendum, held on 21 May 2006, 55.5% of the inhabitants voted for independence. On 3 June 2006, Montenegro formally declared itself an independent republic. The union between Serbia and Montenegro thus having been disbanded, the Serbian parliament followed on 5 June 2006 by declaring Serbia an independent republic and the legal successor of the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro.

[2] The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia at the time.

[3] From history, Estonia and Serbia and Montenegro can show an agreement concluded on 01.02.1928 in Belgrade between the Republic of Estonia and the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenians, namely the trade and shipping convention (ratified in the Riigikogu on 24.05.1928).

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