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Romania

(last updated: 21.06.2018)

 

Diplomatic relations between the two countries were established on 26 February 1921 and restored on 13 September 1991.
Estonia opened its embassy in Bucharest in 2015. Before that, Estonia covered Romania from Warsaw. The first ambassador of the re-independent Estonian Republic was Peeter Reštšinski, who presented his credentials in 2000. From 2001-2005 Estonia's ambassador to Romania was Aivo Orav, from 2006-2009 Ants Frosch, from 2010-2013 Taavi Toom and from 2015-2015 Eerik Marmei. Estonia's current, i.e. the first resident ambassador to Romania, Ants Frosch, presented his credentials to Romanian Presidnet Klaus Iohannis on 10 September 2015.

Estonian has two honorary consuls in Romania: Ingrid Cristea Vendelin in Bucharest since 6 July 2009 and Ovidiu Brinzan in Timisoara since 7 November 2012.

Romania opened its embassy in Estonia in 2016. Daniela-Mihaela Cămărășan, the first Romanian ambassador residing in Estonia, presented her credentials to the President of the Republic on 1 November 2016. Before that, Romania covered Estonia from Helsinki.

Estonia opened its honorary consulate at the Ovidius University on 17 June 2018. The opening ceremony was attended by the prime ministers of Estonia and Romania. Alexandru Bobe, the vice principal of the Ovidius University, was appointed as the honorary consul.

This year, both Estonia and Romania are celebrating their 100th anniversary.

Relations between the nations are very good. We are partners in the EU and NATO, and our views are very similar on many matters. In political relations there is interest on both sides towards closer communication between the top politicians and parliaments of both nations. Consultations also take place between ministries.

The XIII Estonian Parliament established an Estonian-Romanian parliamentary group that is chaired by Terje Trei and vice-chaired by Erki Savisaar. The chair of the Romanian Parliament´s Estonian friendship group is Bende Sándor (UDMR) and vice-chair is Benea Adrian-Dragoş (PSD).

Visits

To Estonia
June 16 - June 17 2018 Prime Minister Viorica Dăncilă 
March 2018 The visit of the Romanian Municipalities Association
November 2017 The representative of the Romanian presidency of the Council of the European Union Cristian Marius Badescu
April 2017 Foreign Minister Teodor Meleșcanu
May 2013 Foreign Minister Titus Corlǎtean
April 2011 President Traian Băsescu on a state visit
April 2010 Foreign Minister Teodor Anatol Baconschi in Tallinn for the informal meeting of NATO foreign ministers
June 2006 Foreign Minister Mihai-Razvan Ungureanu
September 2004 Minister of European Integration Alexandru Farcas
September 2003 HSH Prince Radu of Hohenzollern-Veringen Special Representative of the Romanian Government for Integration, Co-operation and Sustainable Development

 

To Romania
June 16 - June 17 2018 Prime minister Jüri Ratas took the Nordica opening flight to Constanța and attended the opening ceremony of the Estonian Honorary Consulate 
April 2018 The head of the National Defence Committee Hannes Hanso standing in for Eiki Nestor, the president of the Parliament, at the "Bucharest 9" meeting
October 2017 The special representative of Estonia to the European Union Matti Maasikas attending the Bucharest Forum
May 2017 Prime minister Jüri Ratas on a preparatory meeting for the Estonian Presidency of the Council of the European Union
Novenber 2016 Minister of Foreign Affairs Jürgen Ligi, a bilateral visit and a meeting of Central and Eastern European foreign ministers in Bucharest
November 2015 President Toomas Hendrik Ilves at the meeting of central and eastern European heads of state in Bucharest
October  2013 President Toomas Hendrik Ilves on a state visit
June 2012 Prime Minister Andrus Ansip at a Cohesion Policy Friends Group meeting in Bucharest
April 2008 President Toomas Hendrik Ilves for the Marshall Centre conference in Bucharest
April 2008 Prime Minister Andrus Ansip and Foreign Minister Urmas Paet for the NATO summit in Bucharest
October 2007 Justice Minister Rein Lang
July 2007 Minister of Defence Jaak Aaviksoo
April 2007 Chief of Defence Major-General Ants Laaneots
April 2004 Foreign Minister Kristiina Ojuland
October 2003 President Arnold Rüütel

Agreements

Important agreements signed by Estonia and Romania:

  • Intergovernmental Agreement for the Organising of International Highway Traffic (came into force 27.12.1993);
  • Friendship and Co-operation Agreement (came into force 22.05.1994);
  • Agreement on the Readmission of Persons (came into force 15.09.2005);
  • Agreement on the Avoidance of Double Taxation with Income Tax and Capital Tax and the Evasion of Taxes (came into force 29.11.2005);
  • Agreement on Abolition of Visa Requirement (came into force 24.04.2004).
  • Agreement on Mutual Understanding in the Field of Military Co-operation (came into force 13.01.2005).
  • Agreement on the Mutual Protection of Classified Information (came into force 01.09.2007)

 

Economic Relations

 

Trade

Estonia's trade with Romania has been modest. A significant change in trade volume was seen in 2004 when Estonia joined the European Union – trade began to grow, but declined again as a result of the global economic downturn in 2009 (primarily due to the dramatic decrease in Estonia’s export). In the years 2007-2010, Romania was 43rd-44th among Estonia’s largest trade partners, and rose to 38th in 2011.

In 2015, Romania improved its ranking even further – Romania was on 35th place among Estonia's trade partners (0.3% of total turnover). As of 2010, trade with Romania has grown, (primarily due to an increase in imports), and reached close to 74 million euros in 2015. In 2017, the trade volume was 127 million euros, making Romania the 27th trade partner for Estonia, its share being 0.5% (+75% compared to 2015, -2% compared to 2016).

The share of goods originating from Estonia accounted for almost 89% of our exports to Romania in 2015.

Estonian-Romanian trade 2008-2016 (in millions EUR)

2008 12.0 6.7 18.7 5.3
2009 7.0 6.2 13.2 0.8
2010 7.8 11.3 19.1 -3.5
2011 11.1 19.9 31.0 -8.8
2012 10.8 23.8 34.6 -13.0
2013 11.1 38.5 49.6 -27.4
2014 19.1 52.8 71.9 -33.7
2015 30.8 43.5 74 -12.7
2016 79.4 50.3 129.7 29.1
2017 78.8 47.9 126.7 30.9
2018 (I quarter) 21.2 14.6 35.8 6.6

Main export articles in the year 2016 were machinery and mechanical equipment 77%, transportation vehicles 7.6% and products from the chemical industry 5.6%.
Main import articles in 2015 were machinery and equipment (€31.6m, 72.9% of the total imports from Romania), food and beverages (mainly tobacco) (€3.7m, 8.6%) and transportation vehicles (€2.4m, 5.6%).

All economic figures originate from the Statistical Office of Estonia

Estonian companies in Romania

According to Krediidiinfo, 138 Estonian companies exported to Romania in 2016 (79 in 2009).

Investments

As of 30 June 2016, Estonian direct investments in Romania amounted to 43.9 million (0.8% of all direct investments abroad). These pertained to real estate, mining, construction, wholesale, retail, the information and communications sector, and professional, scientific and technical activities. At the same time, Romania's direct investments in Estonia amounted to 82,000 euros and went into manufacturing, construction, wholesale and retail trade, the transport and storage sector, the information and communications sector, financing and insurance, real estate and professional, scientific and technical activities.

There were 47 companies with Romanian participation in the Estonian Commercial Register in April 2017.

Tourism

Opportunities to develop tourism between Estonia and Romania have certainly not yet been exhausted. In 2010, Estonian accommodation establishments housed 1343 Romanian citizens. This number has grown yearly. In 2015 the number of Romanian citizens in Estonian accommodation establishments was 3441, in 2016 3114 and in 2017 4459. In addition to Tallinn, popular destinations among Romanians were Tartu County and Pärnu County (in 2016 in addition to Tallinn also Tartu County and Ida-Viru County)

Culture

Cultural relations between Estonia and Romania have been relatively reserved for the last few years.

Romanian cultural days took place in Tallinn from 10-11 September 2007.

On 28 March 2008, the Sõprus cinema in Tallinn screened Romanian director Cristian Mungiu’s film “4 Months, 3 Weeks, 2 Days”, which won both the Palme d’Or and the international film critics’ award at the Cannes Film Festival.

On 10 June 2008 the film “Autumn Ball” (Sügisball) received an award for Mart Taniel’s camerawork at the Transylvania film festival in Romania.

On 20 October 2008 the first Estonian-Romanian Dictionary was published, which was compiled by Veronika and Regina Palandi.

During the 13th Black Nights Film Festival that started on 26 November 2009, the film-going public saw the world premiere of the film “Wedding in Bessarabia”, a Romanian-Moldovan co-production, which participated in the EurAsia competition programme.

On 11 May 2010 the Estonian-Romanian dictionary compiled by Regina and Veronika Palandi was introduced in the European Parliament as a sign of the two nations integrating in the European Union (at the initiative of European Parliament members Norica Nicolai, Kristiina Ojuland and Adina Ioana Valean).

In March of 2011, Marianna Kaat and her film “Pit No. 8” had a successful run at the international documentary film festival One World Romania.

Since 2010, clean-up events as part of the "Let's do it, World!" movement have taken place. ("Let's Do It, Romania!").

In 2015, the Romanian television channel TVR2 aired several series introducing Estonia as part of the "Cap Compass" program series.

 

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