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Montenegro

(last updated: September 2019)
 

Estonia was the first country in the world to conclude diplomatic relations with Montenegro, doing so on 13.06.2006. The joint declaration on the conclusion of diplomatic relations was signed by Director General of the 2nd Political Department Karin Jaani and Montenegro’s Foreign Minister Miodrag Vlahović in Podgorica, capital of Montenegro.

Estonia's Ambassador to Montenegro is Mrs Kristi Karelsohn. The Ambassador resides in Budapest. Montenegro’s Ambassador to Estonia is Prof. Dr. Budimir Šegrt, residing in Warsaw.

As of 26.10.2015, honorary consul Saša Vujačić represents Estonia in Podgorica, Montenegro.

Visits

to Montenegro
February 2017 Minister of Foreign Affairs Sven Mikser
May 2014 Minister of Agriculture Ivari Padar
April 2009 Minister of Defence Jaak Aaviksoo
September 2008 President Toomas Hendrik Ilves
to Estonia
April 2018 Speaker of the Parliament of Montenegro Ivan Brajović
July 2017 Montenegro’s Chief Negotiator for Montenegro’s Accession to the EU and Minister for European Integration Mr Aleksandar Andrija Pejović
September 2016 Defence Minister Prof. Milica Pejanović Durišić
August 2011 Prime Minister of Montenegro Igor Lukšić
April 2010 Foreign Minister Milan Roćen in Estonia for the meeting of NATO foreign ministers
November 2009 President Filip Vujanović
March 2008 Foreign Minister Milan Roćen
June 2007 Deputy Prime Minister Vujica Lazović

Agreements

  • Protocol between the Government of the Republic of Estonia and the Government of the Republic of Montenegro on the Implementation of the Agreement between the Republic of Montenegro and the European Community on the readmission of persons residing without authorization was signed on 26 September 2013.
  • Estonia and Montenegro have exchanged notes confirming that the cultural, education and sports co-operation agreement signed by Estonia and Yugoslavia on 15 March 2002 remains in effect after the independence of Montenegro.
  • During Montenegrin Foreign Minister Milan Roćen’s visit to Estonia on 4 March 2008, a co-operation protocol between the foreign ministries of the two nations was signed.
  • In July 2015, a Memorandum of Understanding in the field of agriculture and rural development was concluded between the Estonian Ministry of Agriculture and the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development of Montenegro.

Economic Relations


Estonia's and Montenegro's economic relations are very modest. The trade turnover in the last few years was around 0.5 million euros and exports accounted for the majority.

Estonia’s primary export articles to Montenegro in 2018 were machinery and mechanical appliances, textiles and textile articles, articles of stone and similar materials, articles of wood. Primary imports to Estonia from Montenegro were electronic devices (microphones etc) .

Trade with Montenegro 2010-2018 (thousands of EUR):

  2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Export 16 49 144 131 136 103 108.2 126 90
Import - 0.3 11 0.3 - 42 - 42 7
Turnover 16 49 155 132 - 146 108.2 168 100

Source: Statistical Office of Estonia

Development co-operation


Estonia has supported the development of Montenegro’s public administration primarily by sharing know-how with the country. Training courses and study trips have been organised for Montenegrin officials on the development of e-governance, the border guard, and the foreign service, as well as on the topics of advancing EU integration and working in the public relations sector. In 2012, the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications and the e-Governance Academy along with Italy participated in the twinning project “Strengthening administrative capacities in information society”, in which Estonia led the e-services framework and standards development component. The project was completed in July 2013. In April 2019, delegation of the officials of  the Temporary Parliamentary Committe for Reform of Electoral and Other Legislation visited Estonia to learn from Estonian experience.In the beginning of 2013, Estonia, Lithuania and the Netherlands began co-operation to implement the twinning project “Strengthening rural development programme under IPARD”. Estonia is represented by the Estonian Agricultural Registers and Information Board (PRIA).

In October of 2014, Estonian Development Cooperation supported the particiapation of 3 Montenegrin journalists in a programme offered by the Baltic Film and Media School. In June 2019 two Montenegrin journalists took part in the study trip to Tallinn  organised by Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Estonia (study trip for journalists from Western Balkan countries).

Defence-related co-operation


Montenegro, along with Georgia, Ukraine and Afghanistan was one of Estonia’s priority partner countries for defence-related aid. Estonia carried out defence-related aid consulting for Montenegro mainly within the framework of a project led by Norway as part of the Nordic-Baltic initiative. The project primarily covered four sectors: personnel management, information technology, policy planning, and defence planning. Soldiers from Montenegro have also participated in courses at the Baltic Defence College. Officials from Montenegro have visited Estonia to become acquainted with the organisation of its cyber security. Right now bilateral defence cooperation between Estonia and Montenegro is really modest. Lt. Col Esmer Gašanin is defence attaché of Montengro to Estonia (resides in Warsaw).

On 5 June 2017 Montenegro became the 29th member of NATO.

Cultural relations


Conductor Andres Mustonen conducted within the framework of the KotorArt festival on 2 August 2011.

Estonian movie "Supilinna salaselts" was shown on 19.09.2016 in Podgorica during the European Movie Festival.

2017 Jaanus Plaat’s exhibition "Orthodox churches in Estonia" in Podgorica.

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