You are here


last updated: 28.01.2014

Estonia's relations with Mongolia are good, but there is little activity due to the distance between the countries. There is room to intensify relations in all areas.

Mongolia recognized the Republic of Estonia on 29 August 1991. Diplomatic relations between the two countries were established on 20 October 1991.

On 5 November 2013, Mongolian ambassador Zorig Altai, who resides in Stockholm, handed over his credentials to the President of Estonia.

The Ambassador of Estonia to Mongolia is Toomas Lukk, who handed over his credentials to the President of Mongolia Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj on April 9th 2013 and resides in Beijing.



To Mongolia
July 2012 Foreign Minister Urmas Paet
September 2004 The Chairman of the Riigikogu's Estonia-Mongolia Parliamentary group Mark Soosaar in Mongolia to attend the Fifth International Conference of New or Restored Democracies in co-operation with UN
To Estonia
April 2011 A delegation from the Mongolian Parliament and Ministry of Finance
June/July 2003 President of Mongolia Natsagyn Bagandi

Economic relations



In the first six months of 2013, exports to Mongolia comprised 0.01% (0.64 million euros) of Estonia’s total exports. The main exports were machines, electronics and mechanical devices. However, there were no imports from Mongolia to Estonia. There are also no mutual investments.

For more foreign trade data, see the Statistics Estonia

Bilateral relations


Since September 2013, there is once again an Estonia-Mongolia parliamentary group in the Estonian Riigikogu, led by Juku-Kalle Raid. In the tenth, as well as the eleventh composition of the Riigikogu, the friendship group was led by Mark Soosaar. Previously, there has been a bilateral relations friendship group in Mongolia’s parliament State Great Khural as well.

The first political consultations between the Estonian and Mongolian Foreign Ministries took place in March 2011 in Ulan Bator.

In June of 2011, a bilateral meeting took place between the Foreign Ministers of Estonia and Mongolia in Budapest, where they were participating in a meeting of the ASEM (Asia-Europe Meeting) foreign ministers.

Delegations from Mongolia have participated in many training sessions at the e-Governance Academy of Estonia (since 2004) in order to gather ideas about opportunities for using information technology. The Mongolian delegations have included government officials and representatives from media enterprises and intergovernmental organisations.

On 30 June 2003, Estonian Radio and Mongolian Radio signed a cooperation framework agreement. The goal of this agreement is to introduce each other’s countries through radio.

Cultural relations


The Estonian film “Mushrooming” was among the films screened at the annual European Union film festival held in Ulan Bator.

In the fall of 2008 Pärnu New Art Museum displayed the exhibit organised by Mark Soosaar entitled “Perception and Utopia”, which featured Mongolian and Estonian artists whose works reflect a collision between their own culture and that of others. Mongolian artists Myagmariin Bayarmagnai, Bayanbatiin Chinbat, Yondonjunain Dalkh-Ochir, Ser-Odin Dolgor, and Togmidshiireviin Enkhbold participated in the exhibit.

In the Sumo World Championships held in Rakvere in October 2008, Mongolian sumo wrestler Naranbat Gankhuyag became the world champion in the men’s open-weight division.

From 20 January to 28 February 2001, Pärnu New Art Museum displayed Mark Soosaar's photographic exhibition "Death the Mongolian Way", where he presented the materials he had gathered during his Mongolian expedition. In 2000, Soosaar resided in Mongolia under the auspices of UNESCO teaching local anthropologists modern film art.

In earlier years, many leading Estonian writers visited Mongolia, for example Mihkel Mutt (Travels or Three times in Asia, not to speak of the rest: Korea, Vietnam, Mongolia, England, Sweden, New Zealand) and Arvo Valton, who has written a comprehensive novel on the life of Genghis Khan (Journey to the Other End of Infinity).

Olev Remsu has written about Baron Robert (Roman Fyodorovich) von Ungern-Sternberg in his book "The Lieutenant General Robert-Roman Ungern-Sternberg" (1999). Baron is connected to both Estonia and Mongolia

About Estonia

Get closer acquainted with Estonia, coming here for a visit, studies, business or investments!

Official Estonian Gateway

Get closer acquainted with Estonia and see what are the most important facts and main areas of activity here.

Digital Society

Estonia has
transformed itself into
one of Europe’s business success stories of the last decade, mainly thanks to the sophisticated e-solutions available here.