You are here

Iraq

(last updated: 24.08.2018)

 

The Republic of Iraq recognised the Republic of Estonia on 1 January 1992. Diplomatic relations between Estonia and Iraq were established on 22 April 2005.

Iraq's Ambassador to Estonia, Matheel Dhayif Al-Sabti presented his credentials to President Kersti Kaljulaid on 16 August 2018. Ambassador Al-Sabti resides in Helsinki.

Estonia does not have an ambassador accredited to Iraq.

Visits

To Iraq
November 2003 Commander of the Estonian Defense Forces Tarmo Kõuts
November 2004 Minister of Defence Margus Hanson
November 2004 Chief of Staff of the Headquarters Alar Laneman
September 2005 Prime Minister Andrus Ansip
November 2006 Foreign Minister Urmas Paet
February 2007 Commander of the Estonian Defense Forces Ants Laaneots
June 2007 Minister of Defence Jaak Aaviksoo
March 2008 Commander of the Estonian Defense Forces Ants Laaneots
August 2008 Foreign Minister Urmas Paet
November 2008 Delegation of the Defence Committee of Estonian Parliament Riigikogu, led by the Chairman of the Committee Mati Raidma
February 2009 Minister of Defence Jaak Aaviksoo, official termination of Estonian Defence Forces ESTPLA participation in the Multi-National Force in Iraq
May 2009 President Toomas Hendrik Ilves met the Vice President of Iraq Adil Abd Al-Mahdi in Amman during the World Economic Forum on Middle East
To Estonia  
January 2010 Minister of Science and Technology of Iraq Ra'id Jahid Fahmi in Estonia

Economic relations

Trade

Year Export (mln eur) Import (mln eur)
2010 0.25 0
2011 0.23 0
2012 0.30 0
2013 16.14 0.03
2014 1.06 0
2015 1.34 0
2016 0.5 0
2017 0.97 0.05

In 2017, the primary export products to Iraq were machinery and appliances (68% of the total value of exports), and mineral products. The primary import products were machinery and appliances.

Investments

According to the Bank of Estonia, as of March 31, 2018, Iraqi investors had invested 672 000 euros in Estonia (sectors: real estate activities, education, arts, entertainment). The volume of Estonian investments in Iraq has not been published, Estonian investors have invested to the information and communication sector.

The mission of the Estonian Defence Forces and military aid in Iraq

An Estonian infantry unit (ESTPLA) participated in the Multi-National Force in Iraq (MNF-I) from June 2003 to 31 December 2008. Up until the end of 2004, an 11-member cargo handling team also worked in Iraq. The task of the coalition forces was to ensure, in co-operation with the Iraqi government, a safe environment for the reconstruction and stabilisation of Iraq. In order to accomplish this, operations to combat extremists and terrorists were carried out and training and equipment were given to the Iraqi security forces.

ESTPLA’s task was to carry out regular patrol raids and searches, escort convoys, and guard objects. ESTPLA’s area of operation was the Baghdad suburb of Abu Ghurayb and the Al Taj military base about 20 km north-west of Baghdad. ESTPLA was under the operational management of the USA’s CENTCOM (US Central Command). Three Estonian staff officers are still participating in the work of the NATO Training Mission in Iraq (NTM-I). 

In addition to the military mission, Estonia contributed a total of 100 000 euros to the NATO Iraqi Trust Fund in 2005 and 2006. Estonia has donated 2 400 handguns and over a million cartridges to Iraqi security institutions.

Since 2016 Estonia participates in the Global coalition against Daesh. Estonia contributes to the training of Iraqi security forces.

Estonian development and humanitarian aid for Iraq

2003
Special-purpose donation to the UN Office for Co-ordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) and the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) for humanitarian aid in Iraq – 1 mln EEK (64 000 euros)

Special-purpose donation to the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) to support the reconstruction of Iraq – 500 000 EEK (32 000 EUR)

2005
Donation of 500 000 EEK (32 000 EUR) to the UN to fund UN armed security units in Iraq.

The Ministry of Defence donated a computer classroom to the police academy of the Iraqi Ministry of the Interior, total value 328 120 EEK (20 970 EUR).

2004 – 2006
Four Estonian police instructors worked in the International Police Training Centre in Jordan. The cost to send each instructor was close to 500 000 EEK (32 000 EUR). Police instructor Ralf Palo helped with courses organised for Iraqi police officers in Denmark in 2007.

2007
Special-purpose donation to the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) to improve the situation of Iraqi refugees and internally displaced persons – 400 000 EEK (25 565 EUR).

In October 2007 25 officials of the Iraqi government were in Estonia for a training programme held within the framework of the UNDP programme. They gained IT-related skills from the Estonian e-Governance Academy.

Two Estonian experts (Jüri Adams, Priidu Pärna) participated in the work of the UN constitutional experts team, which had the task of advising the project to write a constitution for Iraq.

2008
At the Stockholm conference of the International Compact with Iraq, Estonia contributed 1 million EEK (64 000 EUR) to the UNHCR for improving the situation of refugees.

2009
From 3-22 May 2009 a 10-member delegation of Iraqi diplomats were in Estonia for a course at the Estonian School of Diplomacy.

From 8-19 June 2009, the Estonian Foreign Ministry in co-operation with the Justice Ministry organised a training course for two high officials of the Iraqi prison system within the framework of the EU rule of law mission EUJUST LEX.

2013

Humanitarian aid through the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) of EUR 125 000 to support the Syrian refugees in Iraq.

2014

Humanitarian aid through the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) of EUR 70 000 to help alleviate the humanitarian crisis situation of internal refugees in Iraq.

Support for the representatives of the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) in Iraq to support the effective alleviation of the situation of Iraq's internal refugees in cooperation with the Iraqi government and the United Nations' humanitarian agencies - EUR 200 000.

2016

EUR 75 000 for the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) in Iraq to support the Syrian refugees in Iraq.

EUR 150 000 for the International Committee of the Red Cross to alleviate the humanitarian crisis in Iraq.

2017

EUR 150 000 for the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) in Iraq to alleviate the situation of the Syrian refugees in the region.

EUR 25 000 for the UN Development Programme's Funding Facility for Immediate Stabilization of Iraq.

About Estonia

Get closer acquainted with Estonia, coming here for a visit, studies, business or investments!

Official Estonian Gateway

Get closer acquainted with Estonia and see what are the most important facts and main areas of activity here.

Digital Society

Estonia has
transformed itself into
one of Europe’s business success stories of the last decade, mainly thanks to the sophisticated e-solutions available here.