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Bahrain recognised the Republic of Estonia on 15 September 1991. Diplomatic relations with Bahrain were established on 27 April 2004.

Since 5 October 2018, Muhammad Abdul Ghaffar has served as Bahrain’s Ambassador to Estonia. The Ambassador resides in Paris. Estonia has not appointed an ambassador to Bahrain.

Visits and meetings

  • February 2019 – Prime Minister Jüri Ratas met with Bahrain’s Information Minister Ali bin Mohammed Al Romaihi as part of the World Government Summit in Dubai.
  • September 2018 – President Kersti Kaljulaid met with the Bahraini Foreign Minister Khalid bin Ahmed bin Mohammed Al Khalifa as part of the UN General Assembly in New York.
  • March 2018 – Chairman of the Riigikogu’s Foreign Affairs Committee Marko Mihkelson visited Bahrain, with meetings at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the National Assembly.
  • September 2016 – Undersecretary of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Väino Reinart met with the Foreign Minister of Bahrain Sheikh Khalid Bin Ahmed Bin Mohamed Al Khalifa as part of the UN General Assembly in New York.



  • Estonia and Bahrain have signed an agreement on the avoidance of double taxation that entered into force on 23 December 2013.


Trade with Bahrain has grown over the years. In 2018, Bahrain ranked 94th among Estonia’s trade partners with a total turnover of €2.4 million, which was largely made up of exports (87th export partner with €2.1 million) and imports stood at €0.3 million (85th import partner).

Trade 2014-2018 (in millions of euros)

Year Export Import Turnover
2018 2,1 0,3 2,4
2017 1,4 0,4 1,8
2016 1,0 0,3 1,3
2015 0,3 0,2 0,5
2014 0,4 0,008 0,4

The main articles of export were food and beverages (malt beer) (72%), mineral products (peat) (23%) and the main import articles included glass products (60%) and textile products (34%).

  • According to the Credit Info database, 10 Estonian companies were exporting to Bahrain in 2017.

Direct investments

As of 31 March 2019, the position of direct investments by Bahrain in Estonia stood at around €0.5 million. Investments have been made into wholesale and retail sale, financial and insurance activities and real estate. Estonia has no direct investments in Bahrain. As of 2017, the Estonian commercial register included one company with Bahraini shareholdings, which engages in non-specialised wholesale trade.


According to Eesti Pank statistics on foreign trips, the number of visits by residents of Bahrain to Estonia has fallen over the past three years; in 2018, it was less than a hundred, and the majority of visitors only spend a day in Estonia. Visits to Bahrein by Estonian residents have gone up, standing at 273 in 2018, and most of them are multi-day visits.

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