Relations between Estonia and Armenia are stable and good, but not optimally developed mainly because of the lack of bilateral business contacts. Diplomatic relations between Estonia and Armenia were established on 23 August 1992.
Armenian Ambassador Tigran Mkrtchyan presented his credentials to President Kersti Kaljulaid in December of 2016. The Ambassador resides in Vilnius. In November of 2016 Kai Kaarelson, Estonian Ambassador to Armenia, presented her credentials to Armenian President Serzh Sargsyan. The Estonian Ambassador resides in Tbilisi.
In October 2001, the Armenian Foreign Ministry approved the appointment of Avetik Ghukasyan as the Honorary Consul of the Republic of Estonia in Armenia (residing in Yerevan).
|June 2018||Minister of Culture Indrek Saar|
|June 2017||Foreign Minister Sven Mikser|
|April 2016||Chair of the Estonia-Armenia Parliamentary Group Mati Raidma|
|April 2015||Chair of the Estonia-Armenia Parliamentary Group Mati Raidma|
|May 2013||Minister of Justice Hanno Pevkur|
|April 2011||Political consultations in Yerevan|
|June 2009||Foreign Minister Urmas Paet|
|November 2004||Official visit of President Arnold Rüütel|
|April 2001||Foreign Minister Toomas Hendrik Ilves|
|February 2019||Foreign Minister Zohrab Mnatsakanyan|
|September 2017||Minister of Transport, Communication and IT Vahan Martirosyan|
|September 2017||Foreign Minister Edward Nalbandian|
|September 2014||Minister of Education Armen Ashotyan|
|October 2013||Delegation of the National Assembly|
|January 2013||Political consultations in Tallinn|
|October 2012||Minister of Justice Gevorg Danielyan|
|November 2008||Foreign Minister Edward Nalbandian|
|December 2007||Foreign Minister Vartan Oskanian|
|September 2005||Minister of Defence Serzh Sargsyan|
|June 2002||Official visit of President Robert Kocharian|
- Protocol on Co-operation between the Ministries of Interior Affairs (came into force 24.04.1992);
- Protocol on Co-operation between the Foreign Ministries (came into force 09.10.2001);
- Agreement of Aviation Transport (came into force 09.10.2001);
- Convention for the Avoidance of Double Taxation and the Prevention of Fiscal Evasion with Respect to Taxes on Income and Capital (came into force 23.01.2003);
- Agreement between the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Estonia and the Ministry of Culture and Youth Affairs of the Republic of Armenia on Cooperation in the Field of Culture (came into force 10.06.2005);
- Memorandum of Co-operation between the Foreign Ministries for European Integration (came into force 03.12.2007).
- Visa Waiver Agreement Between the Government of the Republic of Estonia and the Government of the Republic of Armenia for Carriers of Diplomatic Passports (came into force 6.01.2011)
- Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Estonia and the Government of the Republic of Armenia in the field of education and research (came into force 27.05.2015)
Economic relations between Estonia and Armenia are modest, investments in one another’s economies are essentially non-existent. Estonia is interested in developing economic relations between the two countries as well as intensifying trade relations.
Trade between Estonia and Armenia 2011 - 2018 (in thousands of euros)
|2018||6 766.0||6 259.0||507.0|
Source: Statistical Office of Estonia
Main export articles in 2017 (% of all exports):
- Machinery and equipment – 79%
- Metal products – 13%
Main import articles in 2017 (% of all imports):
- Food products and beverages (alcohol) – 93%
Estonian direct investments in Armenia are due to the principle of data protection undisclosed.
According to the statistics of Estonia’s central bank Eesti Pank, Armenian direct investments in Estonia amounted to 4,8 million euros (as of June 6, 2018). In general, the sectors that have attracted investments have been wholesale and retail businesses, but also information and communication sectors, and real estate.
Education and culture
Community. Approximately 1,500 Armenians reside in Estonia. The Armenian National Society co-ordinates the activities of Armenian societies and associations in Estonia. The first society, the Armenian Cultural Society, was created in Tallinn in 1988. In March 1999, on the initiative of the National Society, the Armenian Cultural Centre was opened in Tallinn on Kuninga Street.
In 1994, the Estonian Gregorian Congregation of the Armenian Apostolic Church was established.
Education. Tartu University and Yerevan University have had historically good contacts. Books in Armenian were printed in the University of Tartu printing house throughout the 20th century. In the period from 1830-1836, Khatchatur Abovyan, the founder of the new Armenian literature and literary language, studied in Tartu, as did Stephanos Nazaryan, a leader of the Armenian movement of national enlightenment. In the 19th century, well-known Armenian poets Rafael Patkanyan, Gevorg Dodokhyan and Gevorg Barhudaryan and doctors Mikael Minrimanyan and Grigori Mednikyan studied in Tartu. At the beginning of the 20th century, fraternities of Armenian students were active at the university.
The most active bilateral co-operation is in the framework of EU’s eastern partnership – Armenians participated in the training courses and seminars of the Estonian Center of Eastern Partnership. Furthermore, the Estonian School of Diplomacy continued its training of Armenian diplomats, which the Armenians hold in very high regard.
Culture. In June 13, a sizable invasion of Estonian culture took place into Yerevan. The civic initiative cultural mission “Everyone’s Going to Yerevan” brought around 350 Estonians together to Armenia, and correspondingly around 220 Armenians to Tallinn. In addition, there were visitors and representatives from Odessa, Moscow, Moldova and elsewhere. Estonian cultural guests included the Estonian National Male choir, Hortus Musicus, Tõnis Mägi, JMKE, Anne Veski, Tallinn Dance Theater, and a Siim-Tanel Annus exhibition. Also accompanying them were a delegation of the city of Tallinn, members of the Estonian parliament Riigikogu and a delegation of 30 Estonian journalists.
Several exhibitions of Armenian artists organized by the Armenian Estonian Diaspora have taken place in Tallinn, featuring artists such as Rafael Arutyunyan, who lives in Estonia.
Until 2016 Armenia was a development co-operation priority country for Estonia. Through the Estonian Center of Eastern Partnership and bilateral development co-operation projects, Estonia has been sharing its best practices of establishing democratic institutions, which the country acquired from its experience of transition and reform. Most active co-operation has been in the field of e-governance. Thanks to the support of the Estonian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Armenian students and young officials have participated in courses at the Estonian School of Diplomacy and in degree studies at Estonian universities.
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