On 12 January 1921, Argentina became one of the first countries in the world to recognise the Republic of Estonia. The same year, it also supported the accession of Estonia into the League of Nations.
The Republic of Argentina recognised the Republic of Estonia again on 25 August 1991. Diplomatic relations were established on 27 September 1991.
The ambassador of Argentina to Estonia is Robert Daniel Pierini (residing in Helsinki), who presented his credentials to the president on 26 January 2012.
From 1994-2007, Estonia’s honorary consul in Argentina was Peet Pullisaar. The current honorary consul of the Republic of Estonia in San Isidro, Carlos Andrés Mattsson, was given the letters patent of an honorary consul on 1 March 2012 and the honorary consulate was formally opened on 25 January 2013 by Prime Minister Andrus Ansip.
|January 2013||Prime Minister Andrus Ansip met with Argentine Minister of Planning and Public Investment Julio De Vido|
|April 2008||Foreign Minister Urmas Paet and Argentine Foreign Minister Jorge Taiana signed a memorandum of mutual understanding in Buenos Aires|
|April 2005||Political consultations took place between Argentine and Estonia. A delegation from the Argentine Foreign Ministry led by Undersecretary for Foreign Policy Roberto García Moritán was in Tallinn|
The following agreements have been signed between the two countries:
- Agreement on the Abolishment of Visa Requirements (came into force 8 Jan 2004);
- The Protocol on Co-operation between the Foreign Ministries (came into force 6 Nov 2000);
- A memorandum of reciprocal understanding between the Argentine Ministry of Foreign Affairs, International Trade and Worship and the Estonian Foreign Ministry (signed 17 April 2008).
For the last three years, trade turnover has consistently been between 3.4 and 4 million euros. Estonian export to Argentina over the past three years has been slightly over one million euros, which makes up only 0.01% of Estonia’s exports.
Estonia-Argentina trade 2006-2012 (EUR million):
|2012 (11 months)||1.1||2.3|
Primary articles of export in first 11 months of 2012:
- Medical and measurement equipment – 30,8%
- Mineral products – 26,6%
- Metals and metal products – 13%
Primary articles of import in first 11 months of 2012:
- Prepared food and drinks – 51,3%
- Plastics and plastic products – 13,1%
- Plant products – 11,9%
According to Bank of Estonia data, as of 30 September 2012 Estonian direct investments in Argentina total 140 000 EUR, mostly in the financial and insurance activity sector.
Due to the small sum of Argentinean direct investments in Estonia, the data is not published for privacy protection reasons. Investments have primarily been made in the real estate sector and administrative and aid sector.
Modern Argentine drama first appeared on the Estonian stage in February 1994, when Manuel Puigi’s play “The Kiss of the Spider Woman” was staged in the Drama Theatre.
The famous Argentine conductor Carlo Felice Cillario has performed several times in Estonia. The first time was in October 1993, when he conducted Verdi’s “Requiem” and Puccini’s opera “La Bohème” at the Estonia Theatre. He also visited Estonia in 1994, 1996 and 1997.
The Baroque music ensemble Louis Berger also visited Estonia in August 2004. In February 2005 the pianist Luis Ascot gave a concert in Tallinn.
In February 2010 the games of the Tennis Fed Cup World Group II took place in Tallinn, where the women’s teams of Estonia and Argentina faced off. Estonia was represented by Kaia Kanepi and Maret Ani, Argentina by Maria Irigoyen and Paula Ormaechea.
The literary works of Argentines J. L. Borgese, J. Cortázari, R. Güiraldase, B. Lynchi, A. Posse and E. Sábato have been translated into Estonian.
The Argentine Embassy in Helsinki has donated books to the Latin American Simón Bolivar reading-hall in the Estonian National Library.
During the 2012 Midwinter’s Night Dream Festival in Estonia, which had a Latin American focus, an Argentine theatre performed their production “Talents”. Also in 2012, the Tallinn Sinfonietta gave two concerts in Argentina – in Rosario and Resistencia.
Estonians in Argentina
The emigration of Estonians to Argentina started at the beginning of the 20th century and continued after World War II. The local Estonian Society was established in 1924, i.e. much earlier than in other countries with a greater number of Estonians. At the end of the second decade of the 20th century there were approximately 3,000 Estonians in Argentina, but unlike the communities in Sweden or Canada, the Estonian community in Argentina has not endured.
Today, about 1,500 Estonians reside in Argentina. In 2006, meeting the needs of Estonians living in Argentina, a consular mission was arranged to Buenos Aires. In the course of the mission, the Estonian consul otherwise residing in New York, rendered different consular services to the local Estonians and received applications for Estonian citizen’s passport.
In April of 2008 Foreign Minister Urmas Paet met with Estonians living in Argentina. It seems that recently the Estonian community there has decreased considerably.
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