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Applying for a visa to the Schengen area

Starting from 10 March 2022  it is not possible to submit visa applications in Estonian Representations in Moscow and Minsk and in Visa Centres of External Service Providers in the Russian Federation and Belarus.

We shall continue receiving visa applications by Russian and Belarusian citizens wishing to visit family members in Estonia, as well as on humanitarian grounds, e.g., serious illness or funeral of a close relative.

All visas issued to date shall remain valid until the date of expiration.



1. Applying for a visa

Diplomatic missions and consular posts of Estonia are following when processing visa applications the regulation establishing a Community Code on Visas (Visa Code). Visa Code establishes the procedures and conditions for issuing visas for transit and stays in the territory of the Member States not exceeding three months in any six-month period.

At the time of submission of the application, 10 fingerprints of the applicant will be collected. Therefore, you must submit your visa application to the Estonian representations abroad or other Member State representing Estonia in issuing Schengen visas in person. However, where fingerprints have been collected as part of an earlier application less than 59 months before the date of the new application, you do not have to provide your fingerprints.

The following applicants shall be exempt from the requirement to give fingerprints:

  • children under the age of 12;
  • persons for whom fingerprinting is physically impossible;
  • heads of state or government and members of national government with accompanying spouses, and the members of their official delegation when they are invited by Member States’ governments or by international organisations for an official purpose:
  • sovereigns and other senior members of a royal family, when they are invited by Member States’ governments or by international organisations for an official purpose:

At the request of a consular officer, you are required to appear at the Embassy or Consulate in person in order to provide explanations concerning facts which are relevant in application for the visa.

Estonian Honorary Consuls provide only general information on visa requirements, they may not collect or examine visa applications.

A visa application should in principle be lodged at least 15 calendar days before the intended visit (as this is the normal processing time) and cannot be lodged earlier than six months before the start of the intended visit.

Third countries whose nationals or specific categories of such third country nationals who are subject to prior consultation. (PDF)

According to the Council implementing decision (EU) 2021/1781, the application of certain provisions of the Visa Code has been temporarily suspended for nationals of The Gambia.

1.1. Types of Schengen visa

Airport transit visa (type A) – is issued for passing through the international transit areas of airports situated on the territory of the Member States.
Common list of third countries whose nationals are required to be in possession of an airport transit visa when passing through the international transit area of airports situated on the territory of the Member States

Short-term visa (type C) – is issued for transit through or an intended stay in the territory of the Schengen States of a duration of no more than 90 days within the period of 180 days. Principles of calculating the period of stay on the Schengen territoryShort-stay Visa Calculator

If you wish to visit only Estonia, the Schengen visa has to be applied for at the Estonian representation or at the representation of the member state representing Estonia in issuing Schengen visas.

If the visit includes more than one Schengen member state, or if several separate visits are to be carried out within a period of two months, the application must be lodged at the representation of the main destination. The main destination is understood to be the destination where you intend to spend the longest time or where the main purpose of the intended journey is carried out.

If you wish to visit several Schengen member states and you are not sure of the state of main destination or plan to spend the equal number of days in each state, the visa must be applied for at the representation of the state through which the visa applicant intends to enter the Schengen area.

1.2. Documents to be submitted upon application for visa

The following shall be submitted upon application for visa:

  1. a valid travel document which is issued within previous 10 years, contains at least two blank pages for visas and is valid at least 3 months after the expiration date of the visa;
  2. a filled in and signed application form. In case several persons (minors or a spouse) are covered by the same travel document, individual application forms must be filled in and signed by the persons concerned, in case of minors signed by the parental authority or the legal guardian. A minor at least 15 years old may lodge and sign a visa application personally;
  3. photo (size 35x45mm) (PDF);
  4. insurance policy valid in Schengen countries with a coverage of at least 30.000 EUR for the entire duration of stay in Schengen area;
  5. supporting documents (for more information please visit FAQ):
    • documents indicating the purpose of journey;
    • documents in relation to accommodation or proof of sufficient means to cover your accommodation;
    • documents indicating that you possess sufficient means of subsistence both for the duration of the intended  stay and for the return to your country of origin or residence (130,8 € for each day in Estonia);
    • information which enables to assess your intention to leave Schengen area before the expiry of the visa.

This list of supporting documents is non-exhaustive and provides examples of possible supporting documents.

According to the EU Visa Code visa applicants are required to present documents indicating among other things the purpose of their journey. In order to ensure a harmonised application of the common visa policy, the EU Visa Code requires the need to complete and harmonise the lists of supporting documents to be assessed within local Schengen cooperation in each jurisdiction in order to take account of local circumstances.

Following local Schengen cooperation in countries where Estonia is processing visa applications has drawn up a harmonised list of supporting documents:

Australia (PDF), Canada (574.7 KB, PDF), Egypt (PDF), Israel, Ireland (PDF), India (PDF), Turkey, Kazakhstan (PDF), China (213.91 KB, PDF), USA (PDF), United Kingdom (PDF), Russian Federation (PDF), Belarus (394.07 KB, PDF), Georgia (PDF) and Ukraine (PDF)

For more detailed information please turn to the closest Estonian representation which is handling visa applications or representation of other Schengen State in your country of residence process short stay Schengen visas on behalf of Estonia.

  1. visa fee

1.3. State fee for processing the visa application

Airport transit visa (A) 80 €
Short-term visa (C) 80 €
Short-term visa (C) children 6-11 years 40 €
EU agreements on the facilitation of the issuance of visas (applies for the citizens of the Russian Federation, Ukraine and Belarus) One-time and multiple-entry visa 35 €;
urgent visa 70 €
EU agreements on the facilitation of the issuance of visas (applies for the citizens of Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, North Macedonia, Georgia, Montenegro, Serbia and Moldova) One-time and multiple-entry visa 35 €
EU agreements on the facilitation of the issuance of visas, applies for the citizens of Cape Verde One-time and multiple-entry visa 60 €
Bank accounts of the MINISTRY OF FINANCE for collecting visa fee are the following:

SEB Pank


Luminor Bank AS

LHV Pank

Reference number: 2900073630
Clarification of the payment: Review of visa applications
If it is not possible to enter the reference number on the payment order of a foreign country, the reference number must be entered in the clarification field.
Please be advised that these bank accounts can only be used when the visa is applied for at the Estonian representations.


The following persons are exempted from paying the visa fee:

  • Children under 6 years.
  • Family members of citizens of Estonia.
  • Family members of citizens of an EU country, EEA country or the Swiss Confederation.
  • Persons who intend to attend meetings of the United Nations or its organizations, the Council of Europe, the European Union or the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe to be held in Estonia.
  • School children, students, post-graduate students and accompanying teachers who undertake trips for the purpose only of study or educational training.
  • Researchers coming from third countries travelling in the Community for conducting scientific research with a view to facilitating proceedings carried out by Member States for issuing uniform short -stay visas.
  • Persons invited by Parliament or the Estonian Government.
  • Anyone who, by virtue of an international convention, is entitled to a visa free of charge.
    Representatives of non-profit organizations aged 25 years or less participating in seminars, conferences, sports, cultural or educational events organized by non-profit organizations.
  • Holders of diplomatic and service passports
  • According to Visa Facilitation Agreements


A visa application is admissible when the following conditions are met:

  1. the application is lodged at least 15 calendar days before the intended visit but not earlier than six months before the start of the intended visit;
  2. the applicant has submitted an application form;
  3. the applicant has presented a valid travel document which is issued within previous 10 years, contains at least two blank pages for visas and is valid at least 3 months after the expiration date of the visa;
  4. the applicant has submitted a photograph;
  5. the applicant´s biometric data have been collected;
  6. the visa fee has been collected.

 2. EU citizens family member


This directive shall apply to all Union citizens who move or reside in a Member State other than that of which they are national, and to their family members who accompany or join them.

The following persons are EU citizens family members, as defined by the Directive:

(a) the spouse;

(b) the partner with whom the Union citizen has contracted a registered partnership, on the basis of the legislation of a Member State,  if the legislation of the host Member State treats registered partnerships as equivalent to marriage and in accordance with the conditions laid down in the relevant legislation of the host Member State;

(c) the direct descendants who are under the age of 21 or are dependants and those of the spouse or partner as defined in point (b);

(d) the dependent direct relatives in the ascending line and those of the spouse or partner as defined in point (b)

The above family members enjoy the rights granted by the Directive when they join or accompany an EU citizen. EU citizens family member apply for entry visa to Schengen under simplified conditions and they do not have to pay any charge for a visa application.


  • passport or other travel document, including copy, valid for at least three months after departing from the Schengen-area
  • A completed application form
  • One photograph of passport style and size [35 x 45 mm] for all applicants, including minors.
  • Documentation proving that you belong to one of the categories mentioned
    above (marriage certificate, certificate of registration of partnership, birth certificate or other official documentation). The document needs to be legalized or certified with an apostille certificate, if an international agreement does not foresee otherwise.
  • If necessary, consul is enabled to ask a copy of passport of the relative who is EU citizen

 3. Visa facilitation agreements

So far, the EU has concluded visa facilitation agreements with the following non-EU countries: Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Cape Verde, Georgia, Moldova, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Russia, Serbia, Ukraine. The texts of the agreements can be found here.

 4. Entry requirements

Mere possession of a visa does not confer an automatic right of entry. The holders of visa are requested to present proof that they fulfil the entry conditions at the external border, as provided for in the Schengen Border Code. Border guards, for instance, may ask to present return tickets, hotel reservation or the information of the invitee, travel insurance, proof of sufficient means of subsistence. 

For more information, see also questions about crossing the border on the website of the Police and Border Guard Board.

5. Complaints

Schengen visa applicants may submit complaints about the conduct of the consulate staff, the external service provider or the visa application process.

A complaint can be submitted to the consular department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs by e-mail: [email protected].

Important notice: It is not possible to lodge appeal against refusal, annulment or revocation of a visa to this e-mail.

Last updated: 5 August 2022

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