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High-Level Meeting on the 75th Anniversary of the End of World War II in Europe

High-level Arria-formula meeting '75 Years since the end of the Second World War in Europe: lessons for the prevention of international crimes in the future, the responsibility of the Security Council`


75 years ago, the Second World War ended on European soil. We will discuss the lessons of the post-war world order, how to prevent international crimes in the future and protect peace, and what the responsibility of the UN Security Council is. We will also address what we can learn from the past to help respond to the current global COVID-19 crisis.

The meeting is one of the signature events of Estonia’s presidency of the Security Council and will bring together nearly 50 foreign ministers from across the world. 

Briefers: High Representative of the European Union Josep Borrell Fontelles, UN Under-Secretary-General for Political and Peacebuilding Affairs Rosemary DiCarlo, and Professor of Yale University Timothy Snyder. The meeting is moderated by Foreign Minister of Estonia Urmas Reinsalu.

After statements from the briefers, the floor will be given to Council members, followed by interventions from other UN member states.

The event is powered by Hybridity, a COVID-19 safe virtual event platform developed in Estonia. More information:


Statements the high-level Arria Formula meeting







  1. Germany, Federal Foreign Minister, H.E. Heiko Maas (213.89 KB, PDF)
  2. Viet Nam, Deputy Prime Minister, Foreign Minister, H.E. Mr Pham Binh Minh   (201.88 KB, PDF)
  3. France, Foreign Minister, H.E. Mr Jean-Yves Le Drianr  (183.15 KB, PDF)
  4. Belgium, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Defence, H.E Mr Philippe Goffin (264.85 KB, PDF)
  5. Dominican Republic, Permanent Representative, H.E. Mr. Jose Singer (264.8 KB, PDF)
  6. United Kingdom, Minister of State (for South Asia and the Commonwealth), Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon (181.58 KB, PDF)
  7. United States of America, Deputy Secretary of State, H.E. Mr Stephen Biegun (190.17 KB, PDF)
  8. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Permanent Representative H.E. Ms Inga Rhonda King (199.66 KB, PDF)
  9. Russian Federation, Permanent Representative H.E. Mr Vassily Nebenzia (258.12 KB, PDF)
  10. South Africa, Permanent Representative H.E. Mr Jerry Matjila (218.23 KB, PDF)
  11. Indonesia, Permanent Representative H.E. Mr Dian Triansyah Djani (214.81 KB, PDF)
  12. Niger, Permanent Representative H.E. Mr Abdou Abarry (212.67 KB, PDF)
  13. Tunisia, Deputy Permanent Representative, H.E. Mr. Tarek Ladeb (204.72 KB, PDF)
  14. China, Permanent Representative Permanent Representative, H.E. Mr. Zhang Jun (215.09 KB, PDF)
  15. Estonia, Foreign Minister, H.E Mr Urmas Reinsalu (184.53 KB, PDF)




  1. Georgia, Foreign Minister H.E. Mr David Zalkaliani (187.29 KB, PDF)
  2. Poland, Foreign Minister H.E. Mr Jacek Czaputowicz (246.83 KB, PDF)
  3. Turkey, Foreign Minister H.E. Mr Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu (180.52 KB, PDF)
  4. Ukraine, Foreign Minister H.E. Mr Dmytro Kuleba (202.79 KB, PDF)
  5. Finland, Foreign Minister H.E. Mr Pekka Haavisto (183.55 KB, PDF)
  6. Latvia, Foreign Minister H.E. MR EDGARS RINKĒVIČS (177.18 KB, PDF)
  7. Canada, Foreign Minister, H.E. Mr François-Philippe Champagne (183.81 KB, PDF)
  8. Czech Republic, Foreign Minister H. E. Mr Tomáš Petříček (198.48 KB, PDF)
  9. Lithuania, Foreign Minister H.E. Mr Linas Linkevičius (184.13 KB, PDF)
  10. Ireland, Deputy Prime Minister, Minister for Foreign Affairs and Trade, H.E. Mr Simon Coveney (185.41 KB, PDF)
  11. Netherlands, Foreign Minister, H.E. Mr Stef Blok (190.05 KB, PDF)
  12. Sweden, Deputy Foreign Minister H.E. Robert Rydberg (181.48 KB, PDF)
  13. Iceland, Minister for Foreign Affairs and International Development Cooperation, H.E. Mr Guðlaugur Þór Þórðarson (140.78 KB, PDF)
  14. Romania, Foreign Minister, H.E. Mr Bogdan Aurescu (163.64 KB, PDF)
  15. Denmark, Foreign Minister, H.E. Mr Jeppe Kofod (190.74 KB, PDF)
  16. Liechtenstein, Minister of Foreign affairs, Education and Culture, H.E. Ms Katrin Eggenberger (174.89 KB, PDF)
  17. Slovakia, Minister of Foreign and European Affairs, H.E. Mr Ivan Korčok (181.65 KB, PDF)
  18. Bulgaria, The Permanent Representative of Bulgaria H.E. Mr. Georgi Panayotov (195.94 KB, PDF)
  19. Austria, Federal Minister for European and International Affairs, H.E. Mr Alexander Schallenberg (190.46 KB, PDF)
  20. Norway, Foreign Minister H.E. Ms Ine Marie Eriksen Søreide (189.43 KB, PDF)
  21. Republic of Moldova, Minister of Foreign Affairs and European Integration, H.E. Mr Oleg Tulea (200.95 KB, PDF)
  22. Portugal, Minister of State and Foreign Affairs, H.E. Mr Augusto Santos Silva (200.95 KB, PDF)
  23. Slovenia, Foreign Minister, H.E. Mr Anže Logar (183.2 KB, PDF)
  24. Greece, Foreign Minister, H.E Mr Nikos Dendias (160.97 KB, PDF)
  25. Croatia, Minister of Foreign and European Affairs, H.E. Mr Gordan Grlić Radman (229.52 KB, PDF)
  26. Luxembourg, Minister of Foreign and European Affairs, H.E. Mr Jean Asselborn (175.19 KB, PDF)
  27. Azerbaijan, Foreign Minister, H.E. Mr Elmar Mammadyarov (172.36 KB, PDF)
  28. Brazil, Foreign Minister, H.E. Mr ERNESTO ARAÚJO (196.59 KB, PDF)
  29. Albania, Minister for Europe and Foreign Affairs, H.E. Mr GENT CAKAJ (189.3 KB, PDF)
  30. Cyprus, Foreign Minister, H.E. Mr Nikos Christodoulides (186.17 KB, PDF)
  31. Madagascar, Foreign Minister H.E. Mr Tehindrazanarivelo Djacoba A.S. Oliva (191.15 KB, PDF)
  32. Montenegro, Foreign Minister, H.E. Mr Srđan Darmanović (254.55 KB, PDF)
  33. Kenya, Cabinet Secretary for Foreign Affairs, H.E. Ms Raychelle Omamo (203.29 KB, PDF)
  34. Andorra, Foreign Minister, H.E. Ms Maria Ubach (201.01 KB, PDF)
  35. Italy, Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, H.E. Ms Luigi Di Maio (194.23 KB, PDF)
  36. Serbia, First Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs, H.E. Mr Ivica Dačić (533.72 KB, PDF)
  37. Ecuador, Foreign Minister, H.E. Mr José Valencia (297.42 KB, PDF)
  38. Sudan, State Minister for Foreign Affairs, H.E. Mr Omer Gamareldin (180.93 KB, PDF)
  39. Egypt, Permanent Representative H.E. Mr Mohamed Edrees (196.75 KB, PDF)
  40. Djibouti, Permanent Representative, H.E. Mr Mohamed Siad Doualeh (184.89 KB, PDF)
  41. Peru, Vice Minister of Foreign Affairs, Jaime Pomareda (275.89 KB, PDF)
  42. Costa Rica, Permanent Representative, H.E. Mr Rodrigo Alberto Carazo (199.85 KB, PDF)
  43. New Zealand, Permanent Representative, H.E. Mr Craig J. Hawke (176.04 KB, PDF)
  44. Australia, Permanent Representative, H.E. Mr Mitch Fifield (176.93 KB, PDF)
  45. Qatar, Permanent Representative, H.E. Ms Alya Ahmed Saif Al-Thani (149.05 KB, PDF)
  46. Pakistan, Permanent Representative, H.E. Mr Munir Akram (167.9 KB, PDF)
  47. Armenia, Permanent Representative, H.E. Mr Mher Margaryan (188.48 KB, PDF)
  48. Iraq, Permanent Representative, H.E. Mr Mohammed Hussein Bahr Al-Uloom (208.33 KB, PDF)
  49. United Arab Emirates, Permanent Representative, Permanent Representative, H.E. Ms. Lana Nusseibeh (186.66 KB, PDF)
  50. Jordan, Permanent Representative, H.E. Ms Sima Bahous (178.01 KB, PDF)
  51. Islamic Republic of Iran, Permanent Representative, H.E. Mr Majid Takht Ravanchi (172.36 KB, PDF)
  52. Nigeria, Permanent Representative, H.E. Mr Samson Itegboje (176.85 KB, PDF)
  53. Belarus, Permanent Representative, H.E. Mr Valentin Rybakov (182.27 KB, PDF)
  54. Kazakhstan, Permanent Representative, H.E. Mr Kairat Umarov (218.35 KB, PDF)
  55. Malta, Permanent Representative, H.E. Ms Vanessa Frazier (187.14 KB, PDF)
  56. Uzbekistan, Permanent Representative, H.E. Mr Bakhtiyor Ibragimov (162.04 KB, PDF)
  57. Turkmenistan, Permanent Representative, H.E. Mr. Aksoltan Ataeva (194.51 KB, PDF)
  58. Kyrgyzstan, Permanent Representative, H.E Ms Mirgul Moldolsaeva (179.82 KB, PDF)
  59. Spain, Permanent Representative, H.E. Mr Agustin Santos (216.82 KB, PDF)
  60. Tajikistan, Permanent Representative, H.E. Mr Mahmadamin Mahmadaminov (202.25 KB, PDF)
  61. North Macedonia, Deputy Permanent Representative, H.E. Mr Dushko Uzunovski (204.27 KB, PDF)
Last updated: 16 September 2020

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