Development cooperation and humanitarian aid have been an important part of the foreign and security policy of Estonia for over twenty years. Estonian development cooperation started with the desire to help countries with transition economies to cope with various challenges by sharing our reform experience. The aim of Estonian humanitarian aid to other countries is to save lives and help the victims of natural or man-made disasters, paying particular attention to the most vulnerable groups.
Over the years, Estonia has become a donor country that, among other countries, contributes to the growth of global stability and prosperity at the international level. The international contribution of Estonia to the development of other countries is important, because by offering innovative solutions and helping to solve problems where they arise, Estonia also ensures its own security. In recent years, Estonia has allocated an average of 0.16% of its gross national product from its state budget to development cooperation and humanitarian aid; internationally, Estonia has committed to reaching the target of 0.33% of its gross national product by 2030.
Reform in the field of development cooperation and humanitarian aid
The goal of Estonia is to contribute more to ensuring global security and sustainable development, including increasing the impact and effectiveness of the development cooperation and humanitarian aid of Estonia. As a result of the development cooperation reform, the Estonian Centre for International Development (EstDev) was established in April 2021. The Estonian Centre of Eastern Partnership was added to it. On 1 January 2022, a government regulation entered into force, pursuant to which the organisation of development cooperation and integration projects was transferred from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to the Estonian Centre for International Development. A new impact assessment action plan developed by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs has also been created.
Minsitry of Foreign AffairsThe role of the Department for Development Cooperation and Humanitarian Aid of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs is to formulate policy, set strategic goals, and draw up action plans. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs represents the interests of Estonia in bilateral relations and international organisations and is responsible for impact assessment in the entire field. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs allocates operating subsidies, small-scale development cooperation subsidies, makes allocations to development cooperation and humanitarian aid organisations, and organises the provision of emergency humanitarian aid.
Estonian Centre for International Development
The role of the Estonian Centre for International Development is to enhance the implementation of Estonian development cooperation and humanitarian aid integration projects, to increase the capacity of Estonia to participate in international projects, and to concentrate communication on development cooperation. The aim of the work of the foundation is to increase the share of foreign funding to better link development cooperation with the economic interests of Estonia and to involve more Estonian civil society, public, and private sector experience in projects.
How can you contribute to the development of the world?
Be aware of what is happening in the world. Get information from various sources, do not fall victim to stereotypes. Think along!
Be a conscious consumer. Find out what your money is used for and whom it benefits. Prefer fair trade products.
Consider supporting people in less developed countries. Learn more about the work of development cooperation organisations and find out how you can help.
Source documents of Estonian development cooperation and humanitarian aid
- Estonian Foreign Policy Strategy 2030 (PDF)
- Development cooperation and humanitarian aid programme 2022-2025
- Development cooperation and humanitarian aid one pager (PDF)
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