Official name: Republic of Estonia
Short form: Estonia National Day: Independence Day, 24 February.
Estonia declared its independence on this day in 1918.
Estonia became a NATO member state on 29 March 2004.
Estonia became a European Union member state on 1 May 2004.
“All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.”
Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948)
Estonia is committed to widening the democratic space based on rule of law and ensuring full respect for human rights. Protecting and advancing human rights is essential to guaranteeing global peace and security. Estonia is focused on the protection of human rights of women and girls, rights of children and rights of indigenous peoples as the most vulnerable ones often suffering from violence and discrimination. Estonia’s priorities also include internet freedom, supporting civil society and fight against impunity. Estonia is actively promoting those topics on international as well as bilateral level and through its development cooperation.