Slovakia (then Czechoslovakia) recognised the Republic of Estonia on 29 December 1921 and re-recognised Estonia on 29 August 1991.
The sovereign, democratic Republic of Slovakia was established on 1 January 1993 after the dissolution of the federal state of Czechoslovakia. Estonia recognised the Republic of Slovakia on 15 January 1993 and diplomatic relations were established on 30 March 1993.
The first ambassador of the restored Republic of Estonia to Slovakia was Toivo Tasa, who presented his credentials in Bratislava in June 1995. Mart Laanemäe was the ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary of the Republic of Estonia to the Slovak Republic beginning in May 1999, residing in Vienna. As of October 2003, the Estonian ambassador to Slovakia was Katrin Saarsalu-Layachi. Eve-Külli Kala was the ambassador to Slovakia from 2010 to 2014. The current Estonian ambassador to Slovakia is Mr. Rein Oidekivi, who resides in Vienna.
The first Slovakian ambassador to Estonia Emil Kuchar, who resided in Helsinki, presented his credentials in October 1999. Beginning in November of 2000, Jozef Dravecký was accredited as the ambassador, from October 2005 to May 2009 Ivan Špilda held the position. Until July 2013, Dušan Krištofik held the ambassador position, and the latest ambassador, who was in the position from November 2013 until May 2014, was Jurai Podhorský. From December 2014 the Slovakian ambassador to Estonia is Tibor Králik, who resides in Helsinki.
In 2006, Slovakia opened an honorary consulate in Tallinn. Even Tudeberg has been the honorary consul since December 2006. Estonia’s first honorary consulate in Slovakia, located in Bratislava, was opened by Minister Urmas Paet together with Slovakian Foreign Minister Mikulas Dzurinda on 30 November 2011. The Estonian honorary consul in Slovakia is entrepreneur Peter Pochaba.
|May 2017||Prime Minister Jüri Ratas|
|March 2015||Foreign Minister Keit Pentus-Rosimannus|
|June 2013||President Toomas Hendrik Ilves at the meeting of the Central European heads of state in Bratislava|
|April 2013||President Toomas Hendrik Ilves on an official visit; attended Globsec Security Forum|
|April 2012||Foreign minister Urmas Paet|
|November 2011||Foreign Minister Urmas Paet|
|April 2011||Minister of Finance Jürgen Ligi|
|February 2010||Prime Minister Andrus Ansip|
|May 2007||Chairman of the Riigikogu Ene Ergma|
|April 2006||Foreign Minister Urmas Paet|
|September 2004||Minister of Defence Margus Hanson|
|March 2004||Prime Minister Juhan Parts in Bratislava at the meeting of V10 Prime Ministers|
|October 2003||Foreign Minister Kristiina Ojuland|
|May 2001||Prime Minister Mart Laar in Bratislava at the meeting of V10 Prime Ministers|
|April 2000||Prime Minister Mart Laar|
|October 2015||President Andrej Kiska|
|March 2014||Foreign Minister Miroslav Lajcak at the NB8+V4 foreign ministers meeting in Narva|
|April 2010||Foreign Minister Miroslav Lajcak at the informal NATO foreign ministers’ meeting in Tallinn|
|August 2009||Foreign Minister Miroslav Lajčák|
|October 2005||President Ivan Gasparovic|
|January 2005||Foreign Minister Eduard Kukan|
|May 2004||Deputy Prime Minister (EU, minority) Pál Csáky|
|November 2003||Speaker of the Parliament Pavol Hrušovský|
|March 2003||Minister of Labour, Social Affairs and Family Ludovit Kanik|
|September 2001||Minister of Defence Josef Stank|
|February 2001||Minister of Privatisation Maria Machova|
Towards the end of the 1990s, Estonia and Slovakia’s common foreign policy goals—to join the EU and NATO—provided a solid base for them to build up their relations. Co-operation between the nations at that time primarily dealt with the specific goal of joining those two international organisations. After the accession to the EU and NATO, the central point of their relations has shifted to co-operation done in those organisations, as well as in other international organisations.
In April 2012 Foreign Minister Urmas Paet participated in the international Globesec security and foreign policy forum held in Bratislava, within the framework of which he also met with his Slovakian colleague Miroslav Lajcak.
Consultations between the foreign ministries are held regularly on the topics of consular matters and European Union issues.
In the current Riigikogu there is an Estonia-Slovakia parliamentary group led by Kalle Palling. It has 8 members.
- Agreement on the Abolishment of Visa Requirements (came into force 01.12.1994);
- Agreement on Co-operation and Mutual Assistance in Customs Issues (came into force 22.09.2000);
- Agreement on International Road Transport of Passengers and Goods (came into force 18.07.2001);
- Framework Agreement for Defence Co-operation (between the Ministries for Defence), 2001;
- Agreement on the Avoidance of Double Taxation (came into force 29.03.2006);
- Agreement on Mutual Protection of Classified Information (came into force 01.01.2005).
In 2016 Slovakia was the 27th trade partner to Estonia, with the turnover of 111 mln EUR, 0.4% of Estonia's total trade turnover.
Estonia-Slovakia trade 2010- 2016 (million euros)
All economic figures originate from the Statistical Office of Estonia
According to Bank of Estonia data, at 31 March 2016 Slovakia's direct investment position in Estonia was 16.7 million euros, 0.1% of total investments into Estonia. The primary sectors for investments were finance and insurance (62%).
Estonia's direct investments in Slovakia at 31 March 2016 totalled 22.2 million euros, 0.4% of total investments abroad. Investments were made in the following sectors: wholesale and retail trade; real estate activity; and professional, research and technical activity.
As of April 2016 there were 23 enterprises functioning with Slovakian capital in Estonia.
During the last three years (from 2013), there have been annually about 4500 overnight visits to Estonia by Slovakian residents. In addition to Tallinn, the other popular destinations are Tartumaa, Saaremaa and Pärnumaa.
Visits to Slovakia by Estonian residents have grown, from 8 thousand in 2013 to 12.4 thousand in 2015.
Slovakian literature has been introduced to the Estonian public by the translations of Leo Metsar and Aleksander Raid published in the 1970s. Leo Metsar has translated the works of the famous Slovakian writer Vojtech Zamarovský.
In September 2014 Estonian Embassy attended to the Spectacular Slovakia Travel Guide opening event, where ambassador delivered a presentation "Estonia - the land of sea and sky, new travel destination for Slovaks".
In March 2015 Slovakian chldren's drawing exhibition entitled "Human Rights through Children's Eyes" was held in the Central Library of Tallinn. In March 2015 also a contest was announced for two months stay in Košice (Slovakia), which is aimed at artists by creative educational program of Tallinn's Kultuurikatel and K.A.I.R. - Koiše's Artist in Residence.
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