|-||Visits of Importance|
|-||Estonians in Poland|
Poland recognised Estonia's independence on 31 December 1920 and re-recognised the Republic of Estonia on 26 August 1991. Diplomatic relations between Estonia and Poland were re-established in September 1991.
Estonia opened its embassy in Warsaw on 20 June 1995. Chargé d'Affaires Riho Laanemäe worked there initially; in 1996 Mr. Peeter Restsinski became the Estonian ambassador to Poland. From 2000 to 2005 the Estonian ambassador to Poland was Mr. Aivo Orav, from 2005 to 2009 the ambassador was Mr. Ants Frosch, from 2009-2013 the ambassador was Mr. Taavi Toom and from 2013-2014 Mr. Eerik Marmei. As of September 2014, the Ambassador of Estonia to Poland is H. E. Mr. Harri Tiido.
Estonia has four honorary consulates in Poland.
Estonia’s first honorary consulate in Poland was opened in Szczecin in 2002. The honorary consul there is Robert Kornecki and the jurisdiction of the consulate comprises the administrative districts of Zachodniopomorskie, Pomorskie, and Lubuskie. In 2005 a second Estonian honorary consulate was opened in Poznań, which is led by the rector of the Poznan School of Social Sciences Professor Michal Iwaszkiewicz. The jurisdiction of the honorary consulate is the Wielkopolskie administrative district. The honorary consulate opened in Krakow in 2006 is led by lawyer Piotr Paluch, and its jurisdiction comprises the administrative districts of Malopolskie, Podkarpackie and Slaskie. In May 2012 Estonia opened its fourth honorary consulate in Poland in Gdańsk. The honorary consul is the former mayor of Gdańsk and respected lawyer Tomasz Posadzki, and the consulate’s jurisdiction is the Pomorze administrative district.
The Polish Embassy in Estonia was opened in Tallinn in August 1993. Initially the Polish ambassador to Estonia was Ambassador Mr. Jarosław Lindenberg, residing in Riga. Starting November 1994 it was Mr. Jakub Wolasiewicz, who resided in Tallinn. Until August 2014 Mr Grzegors Marek Poznański served as Ambassador of Poland to Estonia. The current ambassador, Mr. Robert Filipczak, presented his credentials to President Toomas Hendrik Ilves in September 2014.
|May 2017||Minister of Foreign Affairs Sven Mikser|
|April 2017||Minister of Foreign Affairs Sven Mikser|
|November 2016||President Kersti Kaljulaid|
|June 2016||Prime Minister Taavi Rõivas|
|Detsember 2015||President Toomas Hendrik Ilves|
|April 2015||Foreign Minister Keit Pentus-Rosimannus on a working visit in Warsaw|
|September 2014||President Toomas Hendrik Ilves on a working visit in Gdańsk|
|July 2014||President Toomas Hendrik Ilves at the meeting of the heads of state of Central and Eastern Europe in Warsaw|
|June 2014||Chairman of the Riigikogu Foreign Affairs Committee Marko Mihkelson visiting the Sejm of Poland|
|June 2014||Minister of Foreign Affairs Urmas Paet on a working visit|
|June 2014||President Toomas Hendrik Ilves at a working lunch with US President Barack Obama and heads of state of Central and Eastern Europe in Warsaw|
|March 2014||President Toomas Hendrik Ilves on a state visit to Poland|
|October 2013||President Toomas Hendrik Ilves at the meeting of the Heads of State of the Arraiolos Group in Karków|
|November 2013||Minister of Defence Urmas Reinsalu at the meeting of the Defence Ministers of Poland and Baltic States|
|August 2013||Commander of the Defence Forces Major General Riho Terras on a working visit|
|July 2013||President Toomas Hendrik Ilves on a working visit to Warsaw|
|February 2013||Minister of Defence Urmas Reinsalu|
|April 2012||President Toomas Hendrik Ilves to Warsaw for a meeting of the presidents of Latvia, Poland and Estonia|
|April 2012||Prime Minister Andrus Ansip to Warsaw for a meeting of the prime ministers of China and Central and Eastern European countries|
|June 2011||Prime Minister Andrus Ansip in Gdansk|
|May 2011||President Toomas Hendrik Ilves at a summit of the presidents of Central Europe in Warsaw|
|December 2010||Prime Minister Andrus Ansip|
|September 2010||President Toomas Hendrik Ilves|
|September 2010||Defence Minister Jaak Aaviksoo|
|May 2010||Foreign Minister Urmas Paet|
|May 2010||President Toomas Hendrik Ilves on a working visit in Lublin and Warsaw|
|March 2010||Prime Minister Andrus Ansip on a working visit in Warsaw|
|January 2010||Foreign Minister Urmas Paet on a working visit in Warsaw|
|December 2009||President Toomas Hendrik Ilves on a working visit in Warsaw|
|September 2009||Prime Minister Andrus Ansip on a working visit in Gdansk|
|January 2009||President Toomas Hendrik Ilves on a working visit|
|December 2008||Prime Minister Andrus Ansip in Gdansk|
|November 2008||President Toomas Hendrik Ilves at Poland’s 90th anniversary celebration in Warsaw|
|November 2008||Prime Minister Andrus Ansip at the meeting of Baltic and Visegrad countries|
|August 2008||President Toomas Hendrik Ilves|
|May 2017||Prime Minister Beata Szydło|
|June 2016||President Andrzej Duda|
|May 2016||Foreign Minister Witold Waszczykowski|
|August 2015||President Andrzej Duda|
|March 2015||Working visit of Rafał Trzaskowski Secretary of State for European Affairs|
|December 2014||President Bronisław Komorowski on a working visit|
|November 2014||Working visit of Ryszard Kalisz Minister of the Interior|
|October 2014||working visit of Józef Oleksy Deputy Marshal of the Sejm|
|March 2013||Prime Minister Donald Tusk on a working visit|
|January 2013||Parliament Speaker Ewa Kopacz|
|August 2012||Foreign Minister Radosław Sikorski|
|December 2011||President Bronisław Komorowski at the meeting of the Baltic presidents in Vihula|
|March 2011||President Bronisław Komorowski on a working visit|
|December 2010||Foreign Minister Radosław Sikorski on a working visit|
|December 2010||Minister of Justice Krzysztof Kwiatkowski on a working visit|
|April 2010||Foreign Minister Radosław Sikorski in Tallinn at the informal NATO foreign ministers` meeting|
|April 2009||Prime Minister Donald Tusk on official visit|
|August 2008||President Lech Kaczynski on a working visit|
|March 2008||President Lech Kaczynski on a working visit|
|March 2008||Defence Minister Bogdan Klich|
|December 2006||Foreign Minister Anna Fotyga on a working visit|
|March 2006||Prime Minister Kazimierz Marcinkiewicz on a working visit|
|July 2005||President Aleksander Kwaśniewski on an official visit|
In November of 2011 Poland joined the NATO Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence located in Tallinn. Poland’s contribution to the policing of Baltic airspace is also noteworthy. Polish fighter planes have guarded the Baltic airspace as part of the rotating schedule since 2006 and their last rotation was in 2012 from April to August.
Regular consultations on European Union, consular and political topics take place between the foreign ministries of Estonia and Poland.
The heads of parliament and different parliamentary commissions have also held meetings. An Estonia-Poland parliamentary group has been established in the XII Riigikogu; the group has 15 members and is headed by Aadu Must.
At the beginning of 2013 a Poland-Estonia parliamentary group was formed in Poland’s Seim, it has 5 members and is headed by Krystyna Skowronska.
- Agreement on Cultural and Scientific Co-operation (came into force 28.01.93);
- Agreement on Friendly Co-operation and Neighbourliness of the Baltic Sea States (came into force 06.05.93);
- Agreement on the Reciprocal Promotion and Protection of Investments (came into force 06.08.93);
- Agreement on International Road Transport (came into force 30.10.93);
- Agreement on Co-operation Between Region and Local Governments (came into force 24.01.94);
- Agreement on the Avoidance of Double Taxation Prevention of Fiscal Evasion with respect to Taxes on Income and on Capital (came into force 09.12.94);
- Agreement Concerning Civil Air Transport (came into force 06.11.95);
- Consular Agreement (came into force 12.01.97);
- Agreement on Rendering Legal Aid and Legal Relations in Civil, Work and Criminal Matters (came into force 08.02.00);
- Agreement on the Fight Against Organised Crime and Other Criminal Activities (came into force 07.02.04);
- Agreement on Co-operation in Tourism (came into force 20.02.05);
- Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Estonia and the Government of the Republic of Poland on the Mutual Protection of Classified Information (came into force 09.06.05).
- Intergovernmental Visa Representation Agreement (came into force 05.04.12)
As of 1 May 2004 the economic relations between Estonia and Poland are regulated by the regulations of the EU's internal market and bilateral agreements in the areas that are under the jurisdiction of individual member states.
Poland is Estonia’s biggest foreign trade partner among Central European countries, ranking 7th among all of Estonia’s foreign trade partners for several years. In 2013 Polish-Estonian trade volume amounted to nearly 1,3 billion euros (5% of total sales), an increase of 22% compared to 2012. In the first quarter of 2015 the trade volume was 306,2 million euros (5,1% share), an increase of 10,5% compared to the first quarter of 2015.
In 2014 Poland was 13th largest export market for Estonia in total volume of 236,5 million euros (share of 1,96%). As of June 2015, Poland had 2,3% share in total exports, volume of 88,9 million euros.
Poland ranked 6th among all Estonia's import partners in 2014, with a volume of more than 1 billion euros (share of 7,54%). As of June 2015, Poland's share of total imports was 7,39% with a volume of 318,1 million euros.
Estonia-Poland trade 2006-2017 (million euros)
Primary articles of export in 2014:
- Machinery and mechanical equipment – 30.0%
- Metal and metal products – 8.1%
- Wood and wood products – 10.8%
Primary articles of import in 2014:
- Machinery and mechanical equipment – 37.9%
- Chemical products – 10.3%
- Metal and metal products – 9.0%
All economic figures originate from the from the Statistical Office of Estonia.
The investment activities between Estonia and Poland were until 2007 relatively sluggish. In 2007, Estonian direct investments in Poland increased by about a factor of 10.
As of 31th March 2014 Estonia’s direct investment position in Poland was 37.9 million euros (0,7% of total foreign investments). The primary sectors for investments were the wholesale and retail trade sector; the manufacturing industry; and finance and insurance activities.
Polish direct investments in Estonia in 2014 totalled 49.8 million euros. Investments mostly went to the wholesale and retail trade; finance and insurance activities; and the professional, scientific and technical activities.
As of February 2012 there were 71 enterprises with Polish participation working in Estonia.
In 2012 Estonian accomodation establishments accomodated 25 513 tourists from Poland, in 2013 the number of tourists increased by 2% and 26 001 were housed. In 2014 25 652 Polish tourists were accomodated and by June 2015, 4 799 Polish Tourists were hosted.
Popular destinations among Polish tourists are in addition to Tallinn Tartu county, Pärnu county and Ida-Virumaa.
Estonia and Poland’s cultural relations are close and diverse. A detailed overview of the Estonian cultural events that have taken place with the help of the embassy can be found on the Embassy in Warsaw’s page for news and events: http://www.estemb.pl/est/esileht/uudised/.
At the end of 2007 a branch of the European Institute of Culture EUNIC was established in Warsaw, of which the Estonian Embassy is a member. The EUNIC in Warsaw organises events that introduce European culture. The Estonian Embassy has participated in the EUNIC event European Language Days and the joint EUNIC event in Warsaw “Poems on the Underground” and in the project “Awakening of the Summer”. For more information about the activities of EUNIC Warsaw, visit their webpage: http://www.warszawa.eunic-online.eu
ESTONIAN LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE
The works of A.H. Tammsaare, J. Kross, A. Valton, M. Unt, and E. Niit have been translated into Polish. As of the year 2000, very little Estonian literature has been published in Polish. The last work was in 2008 when Mart Laar’s book on the Forest Brothers called “War in the Woods” was published. Translations of the works of poet Aarne Puu and other Estonian poetry have been published.
It is possible to study the Estonian language and culture as a second foreign language within the Hungarian studies department at the University of Warsaw.
Co-operation between the University of Warsaw and the Estonian Institute began in the fall of 2007. As of the fall of 2011 Estonian is being taught at the University of Warsaw by Svetlana Kass. In addition to the Estonian language, literature and culture classes organised by the Hungarian studies department at the University of Warsaw, it is also possible to study Estonian in Krakow at Jagiellonian University (http://www.uj.edu.pl/index.en.html) under Aarne Puu. Instructor Robert Bieleck in the Hungarian studies department of Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznan has also taught Estonian, though not continuously due to a lack of interest. The university press also published the first Estonian language learning book meant for Polish speakers, which was written by Robert Bieleck.
For those studying Estonian, a traditional Mother Tongue Day supported by the embassy takes place every year. However, there are only a few interested in learning the language. University students are more interested in classes about Estonian culture and society.
In March 2014 in Gdansk were held the third international literary festival "The European Poet of Freedom". From Estonia participated writer and poet Jaan Kaplinski, whose book "Teiselpool järve" (2008) was nominated for the grand prize of the festival. Poetry collection was translated into Polish by Estonian poet living in Krakow - Aarne Puu.
Estonian art exhibits are constantly being held in Poland.
Exhibits from the collection of KUMU have toured Poland in Warsaw and Szcsecin, as has the photo exhibit on the history of the Republic of Estonia compiled by the Estonian Institute in honour of the 90th anniversary of the Republic of Estonia.
The exhibition dedicated to Estonia and Poland’s shared history entitled “Three Lions and a White Eagle” at the Warsaw Art Museum examined Estonia-Poland relations from 1919-1939. In addition, the Polish public has had the opportunity to become acquainted with the works of artists Jaan Toomik, Leonhard Lapin, Ly Lestberg, Mark Raidpere, Sirje Runge, and others.
The major exhibitions to bring out in 2014 was the book illustrators exhibition "Meremuinasjutud" tour in Poland. In the Z.J. Rumla Library of Warsaw, the exhibition of Estonian photographers A. Haas, B. Pilv, G. Järvet and I. Muusikus "Pildistatud Eesti" was opened in March and in May the same exhibition was opened in city museum of Sieradz. From September to November in Warsaw club Zacheta was opened the exhibition of Flo Kasearu "Me oleme teel".
Polish music-lovers appreciate Estonian music, particularly folk music and classical music.
Estonian musicians have performed at various festivals and given concerts in Warsaw, Poznan and Szczecin. The works of Arvo Pärt, Urmas Sisask, and Heino Eller have been presented in Poland and performers such as Vaiko Eplik and the Eliit ensemble, blues band Bullfrog Brown, folk musicians Anu Taul, Triinu Taul and Tarmo Noormaa, Svjata Vatra, Abdres Uibo, and Annely Peebo have all performed in Poland.
In June 2014 in Polish National Philharmonie was held the concert by Baltic Youth Philarmonic orchestra, condcucted by the founder and artistic director of the orchestra Kristjan Järvi. In June, in Halfway festival held in Biaystok performed assemble Ewert and the Two Dragons. In September, the Estonian Philharmonic Chamber Choir held three popular concerts in Wroclaw Wracislawia cantas festival, where they performed a capella version of "Kanon pokojanen" by Arvo Pärt. In October 2014 Estonian Music Development Centre in co-operation with Polish partners SONORA music and Nostalgy Festival Poznanis the contact event of Estonian classical music. In November pianist Mihkel Poll and sporano Arete Teemets performed in Otwock festival, where they presented the works of Estonian Composers. In December, the assemble Trad Attack! performed in international Folk music festival in Lublin.
Estonian and Polish filmmakers have a long history together and nearly every major Polish film festival includes an Estonian film. Estonian films have won awards at many film festivals – for example Ilmar Raag’s “The Class”, Jaak Kilmi and Kiur Aarma’s “Disco and Atomic War” – and Estonia’s unique animation has also been recognised (a separate programme of Priit Pärn’s films entitled “Pärnography” was shown at the Warsaw FilmFest).
In 2009 the first Estonian film days took place in Poland, which began in Warsaw and spread from there. The following films were shown: “Taarka”, “Kinnunen”, “Shop of Dreams”, “Knife”, “Autumn Ball”, “Jan Uuspõld Goes to Tartu”, “Navigator Prix”, “Frank and Wendy”, and “The Class.”
Ilmar Raag’s film “The Class” is available on DVD in Poland; also available there are Veiko Õunpuu’s “Autumn Ball” and Kaspar Jancis’s “Frank and Wendy” with Polish subtitles.
In October 2014, director Martti Helde participated at the 30th International Warsaw Film Festival with his film "In the Crosswind". Named the 2014 Estonian movie of the year, it was awarded the ecumenical jury prize at the Warsaw Film Festival. In November, the Estonian-Russian-Finnish-Belarussian-Kazakh co-production "I Won’t Come Back" directed by Ilmar Raag screened at the Sputnik Festival held at the Kinoteka cinema.
According to the Polish Office for Foreigners, as of September 2012 there are 64 Estonian citizens officially residing in Poland, who have valid European Union right of residency on Poland’s territory. There are more Estonian citizens living in Poland, but under different circumstances – businessmen or students that go back and forth between Poland and Estonia or those working at international organisations. The embassy estimates that as of 2014 120 Estonian citizens live in Poland.
It has become a tradition for the Estonian community to gather together for Estonia’s Independence Day and an annual end-of-summer garden party.
The Polish-Estonian Friendship Association has been in operation since 1993; its chairman Mieczyslaw Maciejak was awarded the Order of Terra Mariana 4th Class in February 2002. The Polish-Estonian Friendship Association is composed of people interested in Estonia and organises regular cultural and economic events. In March 2001, the Warsaw City Court registered the society Pro Estonia, which promotes Estonian culture in Poland (www.eesti.pl).
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