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Kazakhstan

(last updated: 02.11.2017)

 

Diplomatic relations between the Republic of Estonia and the Republic of Kazakhstan were established on 27 May 1992. The Estonian Embassy in Astana was opened in 2011. The Estonian ambassador to Kazakhstan is Heiti Mäemees who presented his credentials to President Nazarbayev on 18 October 2017. Kazakhstan’s Ambassador to Estonia Murat Nurtleuov presented his credentials to President Kersti Kaljulaid in July 2017 and he resides in Helsinki. There is a Kazakh Consulate in Tallinn.

The Estonia-Kazakhstan Parliamentary Group  was re-established in the Riigikogu in the spring of 2015. It is chaired by Deniss Boroditš and consists of a total of 15 deputies.

Good and operative relations exist between Estonia and Kazakhstan and cooperation between institutions of the two countries has been established.

 

Visits

To Kazakhstan:
September 2015 Head of the Estonia-Kazakhstan parliamentary group Deniss Boroditš
May 2015 Former President Arnold Rüütel took part in the Astana Forum. On 31 May 2015 President Rüütel opened a memorial stone at the memorial in Spassk near Karaganda, which is dedicated to Estonians deported to Karlag. The stone was blessed by Archbishop Emeritus Põder and representatives of those repressed were present.
November 2013 Minister of Economic Affairs and Communications Juhan Parts for the 4th session of the Estonia-Kazakhstan intergovernmental commission
September 2012 Prime Minister Andrus Ansip with a business delegation
May 2012 Foreign Minister Urmas Paet
February 2011 Minister of Economic Affairs and Communications Juhan Parts for the 2nd session of the Estonia-Kazakhstan intergovernmental commission
December 2010 Prime Minister Andrus Ansip at the OSCE summit
July 2010 Foreign Minister Urmas Paet at the meeting of OSCE foreign ministers
September 2009 Prime Minister Andrus Ansip with a business delegation
October 2008 Foreign Minister Urmas Paet
October 2006 Minister of Transport and Communications Edgar Savisaar
June 2004 President Arnold Rüütel with a business delegation
April 2001 Minister of Transport and Communications Toivo Jürgenson at the transit conference in Astana
June 2000 Minister of Transport and Communications Toivo Jürgenson at the transport and transit conference TRANSEURASIA 2000
To Estonia:
August 2012 Minister of Transportation and Communication Askar Zhumagaliyev at the third session of the Estonia-Kazakhstan intergovernmental commission
April 2011 State visit of President Nursultan Nazarbayev
March 2010 Deputy Foreign Minister Rapil Zhoshybayev at the first session of the Estonia-Kazakhstan intergovernmental commission
February 2001 Chairman of the Parliament Jarmakhan Tujakbai with a parliamentary delegation
December 2000 Deputy Prime Minister Daniyal Ahmetov with a delegation of governmental and business representatives
May 2000 Minister of Foreign Affairs Erlan Idrisov

Transnational cooperation

The development of relations between Estonia and Kazakhstan has been significantly influenced by the coming into force in 2010 of the Agreement on economic, research and technical co-operation. Based on the agreement, an Estonia and Kazakhstan Inter-Governmental Commission (IGC) came together for the first time in 2010, and has now convened a total of four times. The fourth session of the Commission took place on 5th-6th November 2013 in Astana. The Estonian delegation was led by Minister Juhan Parts and the delegation of Kazakhstan by Askar Zhumagaliyev, the Minister of Transport and Communications. On the agenda of the commission’s plenary meeting were the general economic relations between Estonia and Kazakhstan, including trade, transport and communication, agriculture, education and science, and the social sphere. In addition to the plenary meeting, separate meetings of experts took place on many of the said topics to discuss specific opportunities for further collaboration and the necessary steps to be taken. At the plenary session both Estonia and Kazakhstan expressed satisfaction with the current development of bilateral relations, since cooperation is progressing rapidly and has expanded significantly. Cooperation between various agencies has also become more and more important during the periods between IGC meetings.

In addition to transport and transit, several other economy-related areas are of particular interest to Estonia, such as the environment (sustainable development and green energy, especially Estonian entrepreneurs’ interest in participating in preparations for EXPO 2017 to be held in Astana), education, agriculture and the social sphere. Kazakhstan is interested in Estonia's experience in cybersecurity and the use of IT solutions in various fields.

Treaties

  • Agreement on mutual understanding and cooperation (entered into force on 25 May 1995).
  • Agreement on avoidance of double taxation and prevention of tax evasion (came into force 19 Jul 2000).
  • Agreement on international road transport (came into force 18 Dec 2002).
  • Agreement on cooperation in the field of railway transport (came into force 29 Mar 2003).
  • Agreement on cooperation in the fight against organized crime and other forms of crime (signed 2 Jun 2004, provisionally applicable from the moment of signing).
  • Agreement on co-operation in the field of culture and humanities (came into force 9 June 2006).
  • Agreement on economic, research and technical co-operation (came into force 4 March 2010).
  • Agreement on co-operation in combating organized and other forms of crime (came into force 16 January 2012).
  • Agreement on reciprocal promotion and protection of investments (came into force 26 August 2014).

Economic relations

 

TRADE

Estonian-Kazakhstan trade 2010-2015 (in million EUR)

Year Exports Imports
2010 95.6 50.4
2011 48.3 77.5
2012 86.5 47.7
2013 47.9 8.3
2014 34.5 25.0
2015 26.2 5.3

All economic figures originate from the Statistical Office of Estonia
 

In 2012 Kazakhstan rose among Estonia’s trade partners to occupy 26th place, with a total trade turnover of 133.2 million euros, which made up 0.5% of total trade. Among Estonia’s export partners Kazakhstan was in 22nd place (0.7% of all exports), with a turnover of close to 86 million euros and among import partners was in 26th place (0.3% of all imports) with a turnover of 48 million euros.

In the following years, trade with Kazakhstan has decreased and amounted to only 31.5 million euros in 2015, making Kazakhstan Estonia's 42th trade partner (share of 0.1%). In 2015, over 26 million euros worth of goods (0.2% of total exports) were exported to Kazakhstan, which made Kazakhstan Estonia's 36th export destination. Goods amounted to 5.3 million euros were imported, puting Kazakhstan in 50th place among import partners.

For the fourth consecutive year in a row, the trade balance was positive for us. A similar trend has existed in the past; only in certain years have imports from Kazakhstan exceeded exports there.

Main export articles in 2015:

  • Machinery and equipment – 40%
  • Transportation vehicles – 21.2%
  • Metals and metal products – 8.3%

Main import articles in 2015:

  • Chemical products – 47.4%
  • Prepared foods and beverages – 26.9%
  • Mineral products – 16.2%

 

 

INVESTMENTS

 

Kazakhstan's direct investments in Estonia

31.12.2011          0,7 mln eurot
31.12.2012          4 mln eurot
31.12.2013          4,3 mln eurot
31.12.2014          5,5 mln eurot

As at 31 December 2014, Kazakhstan’s direct investments in Estonia amounted to EUR 5.5 million. Investments have mainly been made in management and aid activities. Investments have also been made in real estate activities, the transport and storage sector, construction, professional, research and technology related activities, financial and insurance activities and wholesale and retail trade.

Estonia's direct investments in Kazakhstan

31.12.2011          8,1 mln eurot
31.12.2012          0,4 mln eurot
31.12.2013          31.3 mln eurot
31.12.2014          32,7 mln eurot

According to the Bank of Estonia, Estonia’s direct investments in Kazakhstan amounted to EUR 32.7 million as at 31 December 2014. Investments have mainly been made in transport and storage (over 25 million euros). Smaller investments have also been made in wholesale and retail trade, and the information and communication sector.

According to the Business Register, as of 2 April 2015, there were more than 50 Kazakh-owned companies registered in Estonia.

Kazakhs in Estonia

 

According to the 2011 census, there were 103 perso

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