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Bosnia and Herzegovina

last updated:  April 2017

 

Estonia recognized Bosnia and Herzegovina on 1 June 1992 and diplomatic relations were established on 8 February 1993.

Bosnia and Herzegovina covers Estonia from its embassy in Stockholm. Ambassador Vesna Ćužić presented her credentials to President Toomas Hendrik Ilves on 8 December 2015. 

Estonia’s ambassador to Bosnia and Herzegovina, Daniel Schaer, who resides in Tallinn, presented his credentials  to the Chairman of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina Bakir Izetbegovičile on 21 July 2016. 

Important bilateral visits and meetings

   
March 2017
Deputy Minister for EU Affairs of Estonian Foreign Ministry Matti Maasikas visited Bosnia and Herzegovina

				
April 2016
Foreign Minister of Bosnia and Herzegovina Igor Crnadak visited Estonia
June 2010
Secretary General of Estonian Foreign Ministry Marten Kokk was in Sarajevo for the high-level meeting of European Union and Western Balkan nations 
April 2010
Foreign Minister of Bosnia and Herzegovina Sven Alkalaj was in Tallinn for the meeting of NATO foreign ministers
August 2009 
Foreign Minister of Bosnia and Herzegovina Sven Alkalaj was in Estonia for an official visit
June 2007
Working visit of Estonian Prime Minister Andrus Ansip to Bosnia and Herzegovina, in the course of which the Prime Minister attended the closing ceremony 
of the Camp Eagle Base of EUFOR near the city of Tuzla


September 2015 - Estonian Foreign Minister Marina Kaljurand  and  Foreign Minister of Bosnia and Herzegovina Igor Crnadak met during the United Nations General Assembly in New York.

May 2014 – Estonian Foreign Minister Urmas Paet and  Foreign Minister of Bosnia and Herzegovina Zlatko Lagumdžija met during the Council of Europe meeting of foreign ministers in Vienna.

September 2008 - Estonian Foreign Minster Urmas Paet met with Foreign Minister of Bosnia and Herzegovina Sven Alkalaj within the framework of the UN General Assembly in New York.

Agreements

 

Protocol on the implementation of the agreement on the readmission of persons residing without authorisation (came into force 6 December 2010).The agreement on the avoidance of double taxation in in work.

Economic relations

 

Estonia’s economic relations with Bosnia and Herzegovina are relatively modest.  In both years, in 2015 and 2016, Bosnia and Herzegovina was  the 96th trade partner  for Estonia. 

The primary articles of export in 2016 were wood and articles of wood (37,2%),  transport equipment (26,6%), base metals and articles of base metal (17%). The volume of imports to Estonia has remained quite small compared to exports. The import consists mainly of miscellaneous manufactured article (98%).

There have been no significant direct investments from Estonia to Bosnia and Herzegovina, but there have been investments from Bosnia and Herzegovina registered in Estonia (since there were fewer than three investments per sector, the sum of the investments was not published).


Trade with Bosnia and Herzegovina 2009 – 2016 (thousands of euros)

  2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Turnover 1440 1784 1438 1790 2467 1478 1235 1198
Export 1431 1782 1261 1377 2150 1156 974 944
Imports 7.67 2 178 413 316 323 261 254
Balance 1424 1780 1083 964 1834 833 713 690

All economic figures are from the Statistical Office of Estonia.

 

Development co-operation

 

Through the years Estonia has supported the building of the state of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the development of many sectors. Support has been given within the framework of defence-related co-operation—soldiers from Bosnia and Herzegovina have studied at the Baltic Defence College and officials from the country’s foreign ministry have become acquainted with the organization of Estonia’s higher national defence courses. Training courses and study visits have been organised for officials from Bosnia and Herzegovina in the areas of border patrol, e-government, taxes, auditing, statistics, environmental protection, and press freedom. In May 2014, the Estonian Ministry of Foreign Affairs provided 87,000 euros of humanitarian aid to Bosnia and Herzegovina to deal with the aftermath of large-scale flooding in the region. The aid was used to fund the deployment of an Estonian rescue squad to Bosnia and Herzegovina as part of BaltFloodCombat, a joint team from the three Baltic countries.

During the last couple of years Estonian experts have had the opportunity to participate in one Twinning and one Taiex program in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
During the period from November 2013 to May 2015 Estonian experts from e-Governance Academy and Estonian Ministry of Interior were implementing the Twinning programme component which aim was to increase the efficiency of the professional skills of primary and secondary users of IDDEEA (The Agency for Identification Documents, Registers and Data Exchange of Bosnia and Herzegovina) information system.

In October 2015, and May 2016 the Estonian Electronic Voting Committee introduced the Estonian e-Voting model to IDDEEA and other officials, by presenting the best practices and technical solutions, including legislation. 

In April 2017 a study visit of two journalists from Bosnia and Herzegovina to Baltic Film, Media, Arts and Communication School of Tallinn University took place, financed by the Estonian development cooperation budget.

Participation in peacekeeping operations

Estonian servicemen participated in peace-keeping operations in Bosnia and Herzegovina starting in 1996. From 1996 – 1999, in peacekeeping operations in Bosnia and Herzegovina from Estonia 40-member infantry platoons ESTPLA participated in the ranks of the Danish battalion in the framework of the international Implementation Force (IFOR). In the following years, Estonia participated in the international Stabilization Force (SFOR) with a smaller number of peacekeepers.

As of the second half of 2005 until June 2007, in the framework of the EU Force (EUFOR) in Bosnia and Herzegovina, 28-29 member infantry platoons ESTGUARD formed based on the Defence League participated in the ranks of the Czech-Austria-Estonia-Slovakia unit. In the summer of 2007 EUFOR’s Camp Eagle Base near Tuzla was closed, as a result of which ESTGUARD also ended its activities. However, Estonia continued to participate in the EU military mission EUFOR-ALTHEA. The number of soldiers in that mission decreased from year to year, and at the end of 2011 Estonia ended its participation in the mission.

On 1 January 2003 the EU Police Mission (EUPM) began in Bosnia and Herzegovina, in which Estonia participated until the end of 2011.

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