Relations between Estonia and Azerbaijan are good and have become somewhat closer over the past few years. Both parties are interested in the further development of mutual economic and political ties. One of Azerbaijan’s main directions in foreign policy in recent years has been close co-operation with Europe and Euro-Atlantic structures. Diplomatic relations between Estonia and Azerbaijan were established on 20 April 1992.
Ambassador Marin Mõttus presented her credentials to Azerbaijani President Ilham Alijev on 9 January 2017. The Estonian ambassador resides in Ankara. Ambassador of Azerbaijan to Estonia Murad N. Najafbayli presented his credentials to President of the Republic Toomas Hendrik Ilves on 26 October 2016. Azerbaijan opened its embassy in Tallinn in 2010.
Estonia supported Azerbaijan in joining the Council of Europe. Azerbaijan submitted its application in 1996, when Estonia presided over the Council of Europe, and became a full member in January 2001. Estonia supports Azerbaijan’s integration into Euro-Atlantic structures and appeals to Azerbaijan to use the opportunities offered by Eastern Partnership (visa facilitation and an Association Agreement along with a free trade agreement).
In January of 2009 President Toomas Hendrik Ilves was the first president of the Republic of Estonia to visit Azerbaijan since the two countries regained their independence, a few months after the visit of Prime Minister Andrus Ansip. Dialogue between the two foreign ministers is also active — Foreign Ministers have met many times within the framework of international forums.
|June 2017||Foreign Minister Sven Mikser|
|July 2012||Minister of Economic Affairs Juhan Parts|
|April 2012||Minister of Agriculture Helir-Valdor Seeder|
|January 2009||President Toomas Hendrik Ilves with a delegation of businessmen|
|November 2008||Prime Minister Andrus Ansip participation in the meeting "Baku Energy Summit 2008"|
|October 2007||Foreign Minister Urmas Paet with a delegation of businessmen|
|September 2014||Minister of Transport, Communication and High Technologies Ali Abbasov|
|April 2010||President Ilham Alijev on a state visit|
|April 2008||Foreign Minister Elmar Mammadjarov|
|December 2007||Defence Minister Safar Abijev|
- Agreement on co-operation between the interior ministries (came into force 21.10.1992)
- Agreement on the sharing and joint usage of transport vehicles and container inventory parks (came into force 22.01.1993)
- Agreement on co-operation in the field of railway transport (came into force 01.03.1993)
- Agreement on co-operation in customs matters (concluded 02.03.2000)
- Memorandum of co-operation between the defence ministries (signed 05.12.2007)
- Agreement for the avoidance of double taxation and fiscal evasion with respect to taxes on income and capital (came into force 27.11.2008)
- Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Estonia and the Government of the Republic of Azerbaijan on the facilitation and mutual protection of investments (came into force 30.06.2011)
The potential for bilateral co-operation is very great, although we are still in the discovery phase. Estonia is interested in developing economic contacts and intensifying trade between the two nations. Azerbaijan has expressed interest in Estonia’s e-government experiences. Real estate with a high rate of return but a certain degree of risk involved and the sporadically developing telecommunications market (the entire nation is covered by mobile phone service, from the capital to mountain villages) are attractive to Estonian investors. The same can be said for the IT sector. The Estonian and Azerbaijani foreign ministers concluded an agreement on co-operation in the area of information technology that came into effect at the end of November 2009.
Trade between Estonia and Azerbaijan from 2012-2017 (in million euros):
|2017 six months||1.4||0.8||0.6|
- Source: Statistical Office of Estonia
The main export articles in 2016:
- machinery and equipment - 68%
- wood and wood products - 14%
- paper and cardboard products - 5%
The main import articles in 2016:
- food and food products - 5%
Azerbaijan’s investments in Estonia as of 30.06.2017 totalled 2,2 million euros. In general, the sectors that have attracted investments have been wholesale and retail businesses (65%), but also real estate (30%). Estonian direct investments are due to the principle of data protection undisclosed.
About 2,000 Azerbaijanis live in Estonia today and they are very active in both introducing Estonian culture in Azerbaijan and introducing Azerbaijan to Estonia.
Works by the writers Mirza Shafi Vazeh, Molla Panakh Vagif and Mirza Fatali Ahhundov have been translated into Estonian. Also, the first Azerbaijani-
Estonian dictionary, compiled by Vidadi Mamedov, has been published.
As of 1990, an Azerbaijani Sunday school has been working in Tallinn, where children learn their native language and cultivate their national culture.
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